Mission and Overview
The Gerard J. Mangone Center for Marine Policy at the University of Delaware was the first Center of its kind created at an American university. Center researchers conduct a broad range of research and policy studies on the management of ocean and coastal areas at national, regional, and global scales; administer a variety of educational exchanges, publications, and Internet services; and work closely with governmental, non-governmental, and private sector organizations, defining and advancing integrated ocean governance approaches
at global and national levels.
Selected Policy Accomplishments
Global policy work
National policy work
- At the global level, Center researchers have participated in and contributed analyses to the major international negotiations on oceans, from the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro to the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development, to the 2005 Mauritius assessment of progress achieved in Small Island Developing States (SIDS), to the yearly oceans negotiations at the United Nations.
- Center researchers played a pivotal role in the organization of the Global Forum on Oceans, Coasts, and Islands at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). Comprised of ocean leaders from governments, non-governmental organizations, international and intergovernmental organizations, the private sector, and scientific associations, the Global Forum fosters cross-sectoral dialogue on ocean issues; is an advocate for oceans at the highest political levels; and takes an ecosystem-based and integrated approach to oceans governance at national, regional, and global levels, including treating the water system-from freshwater, to coasts, to oceans-as the interlinked system that it is. Since 2001, the Global Forum has involved ocean leaders from all sectors from 93 countries to advance the global oceans agenda-i.e., to promote the implementation of international agreements related to oceans, coasts, and SIDS, especially the goals emanating from the 2002 WSSD; analyze new emerging issues such as improving the governance regime for ocean areas beyond national jurisdiction; and facilitate international consensus-building on unresolved ocean issues. The Global Forum is hosted at the Center.
- Center researchers led a global analytical effort comparing the development of national ocean policies in 16 countries and in 3 regions, and developing international best practice on integrated oceans policy.
- Center researchers have examined ways of improving governance of the high seas (64% of the oceans which lie outside national jurisdiction) since 2005 through a Global Forum multinational Working Group. Informal multi-stakeholder dialogues at the 3rd Global Conference on Oceans, Coasts, and Islands in January 2006 were useful in laying the groundwork for the subsequent UN negotiations that took place in February 2006 by providing a neutral venue for informal exchange of perspectives that facilitated the cooperative nature of the discussion. The Center is receiving support from the Nippon Foundation of Japan and the Government of Singapore to continue its work in this area.
Regional policy work
- Center analyses and books contributed to demonstrating the need for more coherent national ocean and coastal policy in the United States, leading up to the creation of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy by the Oceans Act of 2000. Center researchers worked closely with the Commission in the preparation of its landmark report, and are currently involved in facilitating consensus-building among all parts of the oceans community to implement the recommendations of the Commission.
- Center researchers carried out pioneering work in developing the major elements of a policy framework for offshore aquaculture, a relatively new use of the ocean. Published in 2006, Recommendations for an Operational Framework for Offshore Aquaculture in U.S. Federal Waters provides guiding principles and specific provisions for the leasing and permitting of aquaculture facilities, site planning and assessment, potential environmental ramifications and steps for mitigating them, and proposed monitoring strategies for facilities raising native fish, shellfish, and seaweeds.
- The Center organizes the Ocean and Coastal Policy Roundtable in Washington, D.C. The Roundtable is an informal gathering of executives from various organizations concerned with ocean and coastal policy in the United States (including industry, nongovernmental organizations, government at all levels and from all branches, and academic, scientific, technical, and public outreach organizations). The purposes of the Roundtable are to advance the awareness of the economic, social, and environmental importance of the oceans and coasts at the highest levels of public and private institutions, and to promote the achievement of a coherent national ocean and coastal strategy for the United States.
International Training and education
- Center researchers have worked with Delaware state agencies in assessing the nature of ocean issues and of conflicts of use offshore Delaware and have prepared the state's first ever state ocean policy report.
- In 2006, Center researchers worked with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources examining the uses and interactions of Maryland's ocean coast, in the context of the Mid-Atlantic region.
Facts and Figures
- The Center has organized and administered four multi-institutional cross-national educational exchange programs: Among North American countries, between the United States and Europe, between the United States and the Caribbean, and between the United States and Brazil.
- Grants: 48 grants totaling over $6 million
- Students and staff supported by the Center: 71
- Students and faculty involved in educational exchange programs: 149
- Publications: 96
- International Journal Ocean & Coastal Management: Published 12 issues per year
- Conferences organized: 32, including 4 global conferences
Sources of support for CMP
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
- National Ocean Service (Special projects Office, International Program Office, Marine Sanctuaries Program, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resources Management, National Estuarine Research Reserve Program, Costal Services Center)
- National Sea Grant Office
- Coastal Ocean program
- Office of Global Programs
- National Marine Fisheries Service
- Environmental Protection Agency
- U.S. Maritime Administration
- National Science FOundation
- U.S. Department of Education
- U.S. Agency of International Development
- U.S. Country Studies Program
- Delaware Sea Grant College Program and other Sea Grant programs
- Institute for Cooperation in Environmental Mangement
- Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control
- State of Hawaii
- Pacific Basin Development Council
- World Bank and World Bank Institute
- InterAmerican Development Bank
- Intergovernment Oceanographic Commission (IOC), UNESCO
- U.N. Environment Programme Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Actions
- Beijer Institue of the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences
- Candian Department of Fisheries and Oceans
- Mexico's Ministry of Environment, Natural Resources and Fisheries and Oceans
- Ship & Ocean Foundation, Japan
- National Oceans Office, Australia
- Nippon Foundation, Japan
- Ministry of Maritme Affairs and Fisheries, Korea
- Canadian International Developmen Agency
- International Ocean Institute
- Envionment and Development in Coastal Regions and in Small Islands, UNESCO