MAOWIT, which stands for Mid-Atlantic Offshore Wind Interconnection and Transmission, is a project, sponsored by the US Department of Energy, that aims at understanding how large amounts of offshore wind energy harnessed along the US East Coast and transmitted to shore via an under-water HV/DC transmission connection affect the electric grid of the PJM (Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland) ISO. It is funded by the US Department of Energy as project DE-EE0005366.
Our UD team has been working on the WRF simulations to obtain estimates of the wind resource every 15 minutes and of the forecast errors.
Our partners at Princeton University are working on the power flow model to simulate how PJM would react to high penetrations of offshore wind.
Archer, C. L., H. P. Simão, W. Kempton, and M. J. Dvorak, 2016: The challenge of integrating offshore wind power in the U.S. electric grid. Part I: Wind forecast error. Renewable Energy, doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2016.11.047 [pdf]
Simão, H. P., W. B. Powell, Archer, C. L., and W. Kempton, 2016: The challenge of integrating offshore wind power in the U.S. electric grid. Part II: Simulation of electricity market operations. Renewable Energy, accepted. [pdf]
This figure is a 5-year average (2006-2010), WRF-simulated, 90-m wind speed in the region of interest, showing the various build-out levels and the exclusion zones.