Environmental Micropaleontology and Geoarchaeology

The use of different microfossil taxa to determine natural and anthropogenic impacts on estuaries and tidal rivers such as sea-level rise, deforestation, and pollution.  Recent work has occurred in the Christina tidal river basin and the Black Sea.

What Was Once the Harbor of TroyEphesusMiletus

LEFT: The ancient harbor of the cities of Troy OR "Troia" (yes, there was more than one Troy) "silted up" because of deforestation that may have resulted from the introduction of goats!  This also happened to the harbors of other ancient cities such as Ephesus and Miletus.  Modern rivers and estuaries are being similarly impacted.

CENTER: The docks along the harbor of Ephesus were located at the buildings indicated by the yellow arrow in the distance.  Goods were then transported to the city along the avenue leading toward the amphitheater.  The peak to the left of the yellow arrow is where Paul (of "Ephesians") was imprisoned.

RIGHT: The flat plain seen from the amphitheater of Miletus is the infilled harbor of the city.   

Env'l Micro book cover

RON MARTIN: ENVIRONMENTAL MICROPALOENTOLOGY PUBLICATIONS—AUGUST, 2013 (listed primarily in backwards chronological order starting with books)

Martin, R.E. (Editor). 2000. Environmental Micropaleontology: The Application of Microfossils to Environmental Geology. Kluwer/Plenum Press,Dordrecht. Topics in Geobiology Series. 459p. (Invited by Kluwer/Plenum)

Martin, R.E. and Yanko-Hombach, V. 2010. Rapid Holocene sea level and climate change in the Black Sea: An evaluation of the Balabanov (2007) sea level curve. In Buynevich, I.., et al. (Eds.) Beyond Noah’s Flood. Geological Society of America Special Paper, 51-58.

Lowery, D., and Martin, R.E. 2009. Archaeology of marine transgression: an inundated Middle Archaic burial in Chesapeake Bay, Maryland. Archaeology of Eastern North America 37:159-173.

Martin, R. E., Leorri, E., and McLaughlin, P. P. 2007. Holocene sea-level and climate change in the
Black Sea: Multiple marine incursions and freshwater discharge events.  Quaternary International (Special Issue issue devoted to IGCP521 Project: Black Sea-Mediterranean Corridor During the Last 30 ky: Sea Level Change and Human Adaptation 167-168:61-72.

Leorri, E., Martin, R. E. and McLaughlin, P. P. 2006. Holocene environmental and parasequence
development of the St. Jones estuary, Delaware (USA): foraminiferal proxies of natural climatic and anthropogenic change.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology  241:590-607.

Hippensteel, S. P., Martin, R. E., and Harris, M. S. 2005. Records of prehistoric hurricanes on the
South Carolina coast based on micropaleontological and sedimentological evidence, with comparison to other Atlantic Coast records: Discussion. Geological Society of America Bulletin 117: 250-253.

Martin, R.E. 2004. What, if anything, is environmental micropaleontology? Journal of  
Micropaleontology, Microbiology, and Meiobenthology 1:1-10.

Nikitina, D.L., J.E. Pizzuto, R.E. Martin, and S.P. Hippensteel. 2002. Transgressive valley-fill
stratigraphy and sea level history of the Leipsic River, Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge,
Delaware. In R.M. Leckie & H.C. Olson (Eds.). Micropaleontologic Proxies for Sea-Level Change and Stratigraphic Discontinuities. Tulsa: SEPM Special Publication 75, p. 51-62.

Martin, R.E. 2001. News and views of the new editor: Fear and loathing in paleontology, or looking
on the bright side of things. Journal of Foraminiferal Research 31:77-78.

Hippensteel, S. P., and Martin, R. E. 2000. Foraminifera as indicators of storm deposition:
Implications for barrier island sediment supply and evolution. In Martin, R.E. (Editor).
Environmental Micropaleontology. Kluwer Press, Dordrecht. Topics in Geobiology Series, pp. 351-369.

Martin, R.E. 2000. The environmental stories of microfossils: A new research path for
micropaleontology. Geotimes 45(1):19-21.

Martin, R.E. 2000. Introduction: Environmental Micropaleontology. in Martin, R.E. (Editor).
Environmental Micropaleontology. Kluwer Press, Dordrecht. Topics in Geobiology Series, pp. 1-3.

Martin, R.E., Goldstein, S.T., and Patterson, R.T. 1999. Taphonomy as an environmental science.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 149:vii-viii.

Hippensteel, S. P., and Martin, R. E. 1999. Foraminifera as an indicator of overwash deposits,
barrier island sediment supply, and barrier island evolution: Folly Beach, South Carolina.     
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 149:115-125. (symposium volume based on Cushman Foundation symposium "Taphonomy of Microfossils: Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction and Environmental Assessment, "Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, Nov. 6-9.)

Martin, R.E., Patterson, R.T., Goldstein, S.T., and Kumar, A. (eds.). 1999. Taphonomy as a Tool in
Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction and Environmental Assessment. Special Issue Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 149 (1-4):1-434.

Martin, R.E. 1995. The once and future profession of micropaleontology. Journal of Foraminiferal
Research 25:372- 373.

Martin, R. E. 1991.  Beyond biostratigraphy:  Micropaleontology in transition?  Palaios 6: 437-438.



Environmental Micropalaeontology and Geoarchaeology

The ancient harbor of Troy filled with sediment as a result of deforestation.

Featured Faculty

Ronald Martin

Ronald Martin picture

Professor Geological Sciences


CEOE School & Departments

School of Marine Science & Policy

Advancing the understanding, stewardship, and conservation of estuarine, coastal, and ocean environments.

Learn More
Department of Geological Sciences

Discovering how geological processes have operated over various time scales to create and influence the planet’s surface environments.

Learn More
Department of Geography

Investigating the interactions between people and the environment and the processes that explain the location of human and natural phenomena.

Learn More

College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment • 111 Robinson Hall • Newark, DE 19716 • USA • Phone: 302-831-2841
Geography: 302-831-2294 • Geology: 302-831-2569 • Marine Science and Policy: 302-645-4212 • E-mail: ceoe-info@udel.edu

Back to Top