Vol. 19, No. 2 Fall 1999
Deep-Sea Research Takes
Diving to the darkest depths of the ocean is a scientific quest for
several CMS students and scientists. During the last 12 months, they've
participated in research cruises aboard the R/V Atlantis, tender to
the deep submergence vehicle Alvin, to explore and collect data about
the extreme environment of the deep sea.
CMS Scientists to New Extremes
The Extreme 1 cruise in May was the first of a three-cruise series
headed by CMS marine biologist Craig Cary to explore the deep ocean.
The next Extreme cruise is scheduled for January 2000, with the
third cruise later that year. Cary and CMS marine chemist George
Luther secured funds for the multidisciplinary cruises from the
National Science Foundation's Life in Extreme Environments Program
and from Delaware Sea Grant.
The CMS deep-sea research is conducted aboard the R/V Atlantis
and Alvin, which are operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
The destination of the cruises includes several sites on the eastern
Pacific spreading center, where the Earth's plates separate and
new oceanic crustal material is formed.
Scientific interest in these hydrothermal vent sites ranges from
biological to chemical to geological. The vents were discovered
in the late 1970s by geologists who had theorized that shifts in
the Earth's crust would leave openings where lava and chemicals
could spew forth. Scientists did discover "black smoker" chimneys
spewing chemicals and were surprised to find an abundance of life
While most of the deep-sea bottom appeared like a desert, the hydrothermal
vents were like oases teeming with life. Giant clams, 8-foot long
tubeworms, and bizarre-looking fish populated the area. By the early
1980s, marine scientists, including Cary, were investigating life
in this extreme environment, where toxic chemicals abound, temperatures
may reach more than 572°F, and pressure mounts to 3,600 pounds
per square inch.
In addition to chief scientists Cary and Luther, CMS researchers
on the Extreme 1 cruise included Drs. Ana Dittel and Donald Nuzzio,
postdoctoral researchers Kathy Coyne and Martial Taillefert, graduate
students Gina Perovich, Carol DiMeo, and Liz McCliment, and research
assistant Geremeo Fioravanti.
The scientists focused on two projects. The first, led by Cary
in collaboration with CMS scientists Chuck Epifanio and Ana Dittel,
involves studying vent crab larvae for clues to population establishment
and maintenance in hydrothermal vent communities. The other project
is led by Luther and Cary in collaboration with Dr. Anna-Louise
Reysenbach of Portland State University. It involves testing for
chemical indicators of microbial vent life and pursuing chemical
evidence to support the theory that life may have begun in environments
similar to hydrothermal vents. Luther, Cary, and other scientists
have theorized that under high-temperature environments, such as
those found near vents, organisms can use the mineral pyrite for
chemoautotrophic metabolism, thus providing the organisms with an
energy source other than the sun.
Diving for New Knowledge
One reason why deep-sea research is so compelling is that it is
a mix of both basic and applied science.
"The quest for new knowledge is necessary to an understanding of
the biology of vent life," says Cary, chief scientist on Extreme
1 and a veteran of 35 deep-sea research cruises. "The root of the
success of science in the United States is basic science. But deep-sea
research has an underpinning of applied science. Our Extreme project
for Sea Grant is dedicated to understanding the biodiversity in
deep-sea hydrothermal vent systems. In an extreme environment with
high temperatures and high pressure, we expect to find organisms
using novel enzymes. We hope to dis-cover and characterize enzymes
that are unique to these organisms and that may have application
in industrial processes.
"The Extreme 1 cruise is the most successful I have ever been on,"
Cary continues. "We worked for 24 hours a day, for 21 days. Extreme
1 is inherently interdisciplinary. It was a challenge to coordinate
all the different tasks for a diverse group that included geochemists,
geophysicists, and biologists. The crew of the Atlantis and the
Alvin bent over backwards to help. Success on a cruise is always
the result of a group effort."
One of the most notable successes of the dive series was the testing
of an electrochemical device called a voltammetric analyzer. Marine
chemists, led by Luther, used the analyzer to detect dissolved hydrogen
sulfide, iron, and soluble iron monosulfide emanating from and near
the hydrothermal vents. The presence of hydrogen sulfide and iron
monosulfide in the same water is an important indicator of microbial
life at the vents. The analyzer, built by Nuzzio, who is a CMS adjunct
professor and scientist with Analytical Instruments Systems, Inc.,
performed correctly on its first deep dive - a feat that is virtually
unheard of - and performed perfectly on the 10 subsequent dives
on which it was deployed.
"The voltammetric analyzer now gives us the in situ capability
of measuring many of the chemical ions and compounds that are deemed
essential to life," Luther says. "This will allow us to study in
more detail a variety of organisms that live at and near vents."
"I was very excited that the instrument worked the first time and
allowed us to be the first to perform voltammetry, a type of electrochemical
analysis, 2,500 meters below the ocean," Nuzzio adds.
Collecting biological and geological specimens also proved successful
and required great expertise on the part of Alvin's pilots. Using
Alvin's long, clawed arms called manipulators, the pilots collected
specimens, placing them in a large plexiglass basket attached to
the sub. A typical collection from a dive included fragile pieces
of a black smoker chimney, traps that had been set to collect vent
crabs, and other biological specimens such as deep-sea clams.
Sharing the Wonder of the Deep
Not every student can go on a deep-sea dive, but Cary brought the
wonder of the deep into a University of Delaware ocean science class
he co-taught with CMS oceanographer Doug Miller last October. While
Cary and his colleagues were on a cruise more than a mile under
the ocean, he made a real-time connection to the class in Newark.
The scientists' voices were transmitted acoustically from Alvin
to Atlantis and patched through live by phone to the class in Gore
Hall for a lively question-and-answer session.
Another way the Extreme 1 cruise was made available to those on
land was through the establishment of a Web site at www.ocean.udel.edu/extreme1/extreme1
intro.html. This site became the main form of communication for
the Extreme 1 researchers and crew members to their fellow scientists
as well as family on land.
The Web site will remain active through the duration of the Extreme
project. It includes research abstracts, dive plans, daily cruise
journals and dive logs, and pictures taken on the cruise. Cary encourages
the curious to "travel along" on next year's cruises, via the Web,
starting January 14, 2000.
At the Helm
These are exciting times at the College of Marine and Earth Studies!
Our faculty, students, and staff continue to garner major scientific
and public acclaim for their accomplishments. We've entered an almost
unprecedented period of faculty and staff recruitment. And we're looking
forward to an important milestone on the horizon - the college's 30th
anniversary in June 2000.
CMS is blessed with exceptional personnel. Every member of our
crew - students, staff, faculty, and administrators -plays an important
role in advancing our voyage of excellence in research, teaching,
In August, CMS marine biochemist John Boyer received the Francis
Alison Award, the highest honor the University bestows on a faculty
member. The award, based on Dr. Boyer's outstanding research, teaching,
and advisement record, places him in an elite group on campus that
includes another CMS faculty member, marine policy professor Gerard
Dr. Boyer's research on water stress physiology in plants, in which
he uses marine plants (algae) to help understand the biochemistry
and biophysics of terrestrial plants, is internationally recognized.
The vigor of his research also carries over into both his classroom
teaching and the mentoring of many students who have gone on to
distinguished positions in academia and industry.
Marine policy professor Robert Knecht received a national award
in July. He was selected by his peers to receive the Stratton Award,
which is presented to the person or group who can best be labeled
as the "Champion of the Coast." Previous winners include Peter Douglas,
executive director of the California Coastal Commission in 1995,
and Sylvia Earle, inter-nationally known ocean explorer, in 1997.
Associate Dean Nancy Targett, was accepted into a select group
of American scientists for Aldo Leopold Leadership training. Over
the next two years, as a member of the first class of Aldo Leopold
Fellows, she will receive communications training to enhance her
already stellar ability to relay the importance of environmental
research to the news media, the public, and decision makers.
Earlier this summer, her research to develop a synthetic eel bait
to be used in place of the horseshoe crab was featured in the Baltimore
Sun. This story, along with others relating to the horseshoe crab
census our Sea Grant Marine Advisory Service helps coordinate, placed
CMS in major media ranging from U.S. News & World Report to
National Public Radio.
Significant administrative changes also have occurred. Rich Tarpley,
CMS executive officer and Sea Grant executive director, recently
left the college to pursue other interests. During the past 11 years,
he has been a tremendous asset, overseeing an important period in
our growth. We wish him all the best in his new endeavors.
We also welcome his successor: David McCarren, Commander, U.S.
Navy (retired). He recently completed a distinguished military career
as Deputy, Technology and Integration, for the Naval Oceanographic
Office at Stennis Space Center, Mississippi, where, he managed 175
scientists and engineers in the evaluation and acquisition of new
technologies to support the Navy's worldwide ocean survey mission.
Also, Dr. A. D. Kirwan, Jr., recently joined CMS as director of
the Physical Ocean Science and Engineering Program, which was established
last year under the leadership of Dr. Richard Garvine, who returns
full-time to research after an outstanding job as the program's
interim director. Dr. Kirwan is the former Samuel L. and Fay M.
Slover Chair of Physical Oceanography at Old Dominion University.
His accomplishments include pioneering the use of satellite technology
to measure ocean currents.
You'll learn more about these new members of our crew, as well
as old friends and their contributions, in this issue of At Sea.
In the coming months, we'll be welcoming four more faculty to CMS,
further expanding our academic program. To keep abreast of our progress,
visit our Web site often at www.ocean.udel.edu.
Dr. Carolyn A. Thoroughgood
Dean, College of Marine and Earth Studies
The College of Marine Studies lost a great friend on April 21 when
C. Porter Schutt, 88, passed away.
Throughout his adult life, Porter felt a special kinship with the
sea. His children say they often heard the story of when, on vacation,
he swam the Hellespont.
He also loved sailing. He raced his five boats, all called Egret,
throughout the United States and Europe. He was a member of 15 yacht
clubs around the world and served as past Rear Commodore of the
Chesapeake Station of the Cruising Club of America. He also was
one of the few Americans to be a member of The Royal Cruising Club
Porter's love for the sea also extended into his business affairs.
While his primary business interest was a timber farm in Alabama,
for which he was chief executive officer, he also was part owner
of an oyster and clam farm in Virginia. And his friends say he had
a particular fondness for catching catfish in Alabama.
A generous supporter of CMS, Porter played a key role in our acquisition
of two portable clean labs for shipboard experiments on trace metals.
He is survived by his son, Chip, who is a member of the Marine Associates
Steering Committee, 2 daughters, 14 grandchildren, 12 great-grandchildren,
and a brother.
CMS Bids Farewell to Rich Tarpley
After 11 years of service as CMS executive officer and Sea Grant executive
director, Richard W. Tarpley recently bid farewell to pursue other
interests. The tall, lanky Texan brought enthusiasm, expertise, and
efficiency to his dual management roles along with a warm sense of
humor and a strong dedication to excellence.
"Rich's contributions to CMS were significant and extensive," says
Dean Carolyn Thoroughgood. "He put the college at the forefront
in the automation of financial accounting systems, as well as advanced
our use of interactive television, the Internet, and other distance
learning and electronic technologies to bring people together. He's
been a wonderful manager, and the college and Sea Grant express
tremendous gratitude for a job well done."
Born and raised in Texas, Rich Tarpley carried that heritage with
him to CMS. In addition to paintings by his late wife, Emily, and
family pictures, his office was decorated with the top of a cowboy
boot converted to a pencil pot on his desk. During the football
season, his casual conversation would turn to the progress of his
favorite teams - the Cowboys, the Blue Hens, and the Army.
A patriot to the core, he earned a bachelor's degree in engineering
from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1966, formalizing
his personal commitment to duty, honor, and country, and a lifetime
of selfless service to the nation.
While few may know it, Rich graduated with the West Point class
that was the subject of the book The Long Gray Line, which tells
the story of the generation of Army officers who fought in Vietnam,
where dozens of their classmates died. Rich served as a lieutenant
and captain with airborne and ranger units in Vietnam and Cambodia
and sustained and recovered from serious wounds during the war.
The dedicated soldier also served in Korea, Europe, and South America.
After achieving the rank of lieutenant colonel, he worked in the
Pentagon in the Office of the Chief of Staff.
During the course of his military career, Rich earned a master's
degree in political science from the University of Delaware and
an MBA from the Florida Institute of Technology. Toward the end
of his 20 years in the service, he, Emily, and their four children
settled in Newark, Delaware, where he worked at UD as a professor
of military science and director of the ROTC program until he joined
CMS in 1988.
Rich served as the college's chief finan-cial officer, leading
the development of the CMS general accounting system that made real-time
research accounting for faculty possible. This system influenced
accounting systems University-wide.
Carol Rylee, director of the University Budget Office, knew she
could depend on Rich's accuracy and efficiency.
"He did a wonderful job," Rylee says. "When we worked with projections,
he was always right on target with the college's finances. He was
exceptional in the amount of information he had at his fingertips
and in his ability to get the information we needed."
Rich says his most satisfying impact on CMS has been the people
he's hired and helped develop into a professional staff.
"We have an excellent support team that is conscientious," he says.
"The people who work here care deeply about the college and the
quality of their work."
As Rich grew as an administrator, so did his responsibilities.
He added the title of Delaware Sea Grant executive director and
assumed oversight of the research and outreach program's day-to-day
Yet his sphere of influence extended far beyond campus. Besides
meeting with legislators and industry partners, Sea Grant Advisory
Council members and national staff, Rich rarely missed a Marine
Asso- ciates' function. His friendships with the group will follow
him throughout his life.
"The Marine Associates are very special people," he says. "Many
have been supporters of the college since its beginning. They are
interested in what they can do to help. This group was responsible
for the R/V Cape Henlopen and its advancements. You don't always
find people who are interested in science and service."
Rich Tarpley is one of those people whose interest in science and
service has greatly benefited the college. As he pursues personal
interests, his positive influence will remain at CMS. Although three
of his four children are now living in Texas, he has no immediate
plans to join them. A few years ago, he bought a Harley-Davidson
motorcycle. He hopes to spend next year taking road trips across
Marine Associates' Corner
From the Chairman
Building public awareness about ocean issues is an important goal
of the College of Marine and Earth Studies. Several upcoming events
offer a great opportunity for your family, friends, and associates
to discover the fascinating world of marine science.
CMS's 23rd annual Coast Day festival, on Sunday, October 3, at
the Lewes campus, features the college's latest research in lectures,
research demonstrations, and special exhibits. You can take part
in dozens of activities at Coast Day, from sampling seafood chowder
and other delicious seafood, to touching a dogfish shark. The day
begins at 11 a.m. and ends at 5 p.m. Call the Marine Communications
Office at (302) 831-8083 for more information.
Also, many of you have attended the popular CMS lectures in Wilmington
and Lewes that bring the latest developments in ocean science to
the public. The next lecture series will begin on November 17 at
the Hotel du Pont in Wilmington. Mark your calendars now. Details
will follow soon!
Share your enthusiasm for marine science by inviting a friend or
two to Coast Day, to the next public lecture, or to a Marine Associates
meeting. If you are not a member of the Marine Associates, but would
like to join, contact the college at (302) 831-2841. Or you can
find more information about the Marine Associates at our Web site:
William M. W. Sharp
CMS Welcomes Aboard
Two administrators recently joined CMS. Professor A. D. Kirwan, Jr.,
will direct the college's new academic program in Physical Ocean Science
and Engineering, and David McCarren, Commander, U.S. Navy (retired),
is the new executive officer of the college and executive director
of the Sea Grant College Program.
Kirwan has a diversity of experience in research, teaching, and
administration. His career has included director of the Physical
and Chemical Oceanography Program at the U.S. Office of Naval Research,
research specialist in geotechnical hazards for Exxon Production
Research, and professorships at New York University, Texas A&M
University, University of South Florida, and Old Dominion University.
Kirwan pioneered the use of satellite technology to measure ocean
currents. Today, this technology is widely used in weather forecasting
and the global positioning system (GPS). He's now working to improve
computer models of ocean circulation by merging data from a variety
of sources, such as moored and drifting buoys and radar. A major
goal of the research is to assist in the rapid environmental assessment
phase in emergency response to oil spills and other environmental
He earned his bachelor's degree from Princeton University and his
doctorate from Texas A&M University. He is editor of the journal
Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, and has received numerous awards
including a Fulbright Research Fellowship.
As CMS's new executive officer, Dave McCarren will oversee an annual
budget in excess of $13 million and be responsible for day-to-day
management of the college, including personnel, purchasing, ship
operations, outreach, and contract-and-grant negotiations. He also
will manage the Sea Grant College Program, which recently received
$2.8 million in federal, state, and University funds to pursue research
and outreach projects.
McCarren has 20 years of administrative experience in the U.S.
Navy. Prior to his recent retirement from the military, he served
as Deputy, Technology and Integration, for the Naval Oceanographic
Office at Stennis Space Center, Mississippi. There, he managed 175
scientists and engineers in the acquisition of new technologies
to support the office's global ocean survey mission. He oversaw
a budget of more than $11 million and was regularly called upon
to brief Cabinet-level visitors about the office's mission.
He received his bachelor's degree in geological sciences from Pennsylvania
State University and his master's degree in physical oceanography
and meteor-ology from the Naval Postgraduate School.
Gerard J. Mangone
The first annual Gerard J. Mangone Lecture was held May 6 at Clayton
Hall in Newark. The annual lecture was established in honor of the
distinguished CMS marine policy professor whose industry, dedication,
and intelligence have greatly benefited the college over the years.
The speaker at the inaugural lecture was Admiral James D. Watkins,
U.S. Navy (retired), and president of the Joint Oceanographic Institutions
(JOI) and the Consor-tium for Oceanographic Research and Education
(CORE). Watkins emphasized the importance of continuing ocean-related
research and praised Mangone for his impressive career.
"This lecture series is one of the more important components in
our ongoing national effort to raise public awareness of the importance
of the oceans," Watkins said. "Dr. Mangone, the fact that you continue
to teach and advise students in ocean affairs, continuing your long
tradition of service to the University of Delaware and your field,
deserves special mention. You're not only a great credit to your
institution and the ocean community, but more importantly, you're
an inspiration to all of us."
Gerard J. Mangone, founder and first director of the Center for
the Study of Marine Policy at CMS, research professor, and professor
emeritus at the University of Delaware, keeps a rigorous schedule.
On most mornings, he can be found in UD's Morris Library, a center
of intellectual sustenance and scholarship. In the afternoons, he
is in Robinson Hall advising his students and promoting alliances
between other institutions and CMS. He also is secretary for UD's
Francis Alison Society. Mangone organized the society for professors
who have received the Alison Award, UD's highest recognition of
faculty research and scholarship. Its members contribute to a University
fund, which supplies a Young Scholars Award to an outstanding assistant
The breadth of Mangone's activity is remarkable, especially considering
that he reached official retirement age more than 10 years ago.
But rather than retire, Mangone continues to do what he does best
- teach, research, and establish programs. His titles of University
Research Professor of International and Maritime Law, and H. Rodney
Sharp Professor Emeritus are less important than his duties: teaching
a course each semester, advising students, and lecturing locally
and internationally. Most recently, he was instrumental in establishing
a cooperative program that provides students with the option of
obtaining both a master's degree in marine policy from CMS and a
law degree from Widener University School of Law. (See sidebar.)
Mangone's genius has been in creating successful programs and influencing
successful persons. Peppered throughout his career are names including
Richard Nixon, John Kennedy, Robert Kennedy, Patrick Moynihan, Michael
Dukakis, and William Buckley. Some were students, others political
figures who sought his advice and ex-pertise. He has served as counsel
to the White House, the Department of State, and the United Nations,
as well as the Ford Foundation and the Carnegie Endowment for International
Mangone's academic career began impressively. As a graduating Ph.D.
in international law, he received the prestigious Charles Sumner
Award from Harvard University, given for the dissertation that makes
the most significant contribution to international peace. Mangone
proceeded to hold faculty and administrative posts at Wesleyan,
Swarthmore, Syracuse, and Temple universities. In 1972, he was invited
to organize a marine policy program at UD's College of Marine and Earth Studies.
"The Master of Marine Policy program is a broad introduction to
marine policy studies using the disciplines of politics, economics,
law, and human behavior," he explains. "Students follow a rigorous
but interdisciplinary curriculum including completion of a thesis
of original research."
In 1973, Mangone established UD's Center for the Study of Marine
Policy -the first of its kind in the United States. He secured a
grant from the Rockefeller Foundation to develop a series of books
on straits around the world. Mangone directed the Center until 1989,
receiving many honors along the way including the Tagore Law Professorship
at the University of Calcutta in 1979, and the Francis Alison Award
Mangone has developed a number of programs in partnership with
the University of Delaware such as the Joint Diploma Program in
Singapore for Shipping and Port Management. Mangone also has been
assisting a second institute in Hong Kong to educate professionals
in transportation logistics management.
During Mangone's career at CMS as a scholar, teacher, and author,
he has written 12 books (some of which can be found on the Web site
Amazon.com) and has edited more than 20. Mangone recently published
United States Admiralty Law and is working on United States Coastal
As CMS approaches its 30th anniversary celebration in June 2000,
people like Gerard J. Mangone stand as a tribute to the founding
forces that shaped the college's reputation and as an inspiration
to future generations of scholars.
Joint Degree Program
This fall, the University of Delaware College of Marine and Earth Studies
and Widener University's School of Law are embarking on a cooperative
program that will enable students to earn both a master's degree in
marine policy from the University of Delaware and a law degree from
Widener University. Students who enroll in the combined program will
shave about a semester's worth of study from the time it would take
if the degrees were pursued separately.
in Marine Policy/Law
Widener waived nine credit hours to be filled in with marine policy
courses, and the CMS Marine Policy Program waived nine of its elective
credits to be replaced by Widener law courses.
Students must qualify for admission to both CMS and to Widener's
School of Law.
For information, please contact Gerard J. Mangone at (302) 831-8087
or email@example.com; or James May at (302) 477-2182 or James.R.May@law.Widener.edu.
Boyer Receives University's
Dr. John S. Boyer, E. I. du Pont Professor of Marine Biochemistry/Bio-physics
at CMS, is "delighted and overwhelmed" to receive the prestigious
Francis Alison Award, the University's highest faculty recognition.
Highest Faculty Honor
Named for Francis Alison, founder of the Academy of Newark that
was the fore-runner of the University of Delaware, the award consists
of a $6,000 honorarium and medal and recognizes scholarship, professional
achievements, and dedication.
"To be counted among those who have received this award is a great
honor," Boyer says. "I am really pleased to be considered a professor
like Reverend Alison was. As a professor, he was dedicated not only
to the subject but to the whole person who was his student."
Boyer believes that at the core of science is a quest and desire
for knowledge by teacher and student. "Scientists work hard because
they want to know," he says. "I lay out options within a framework
and let the student choose. That way, the student feels comfortable
and is able to achieve success."
Boyer has advised undergraduate interns, graduate students, and
postdoctoral researchers. Among his former advisees and students
are a vice-president of the technology sector of Pioneer Hybrid
International, a named fellow in the Society of Crop Scientists,
and several professors at American and international universities.
Boyer earned a bachelor's degree in biology from Swarthmore College,
a master's in plant physiology with a minor in soils from the University
of Wisconsin, and a doctorate in plant physiology with a minor in
biochemistry from Duke University. He joined the University of Delaware
in 1987 after working at the University of Illinois and Texas A&M
He currently has two postdoctoral researchers and a research assistant
working in his laboratory in Lewes examining marine and land plants
at the molecular level to investigate the environmental effects
of water on plant growth and reproduction.
"Working with marine plants has enabled me to further my research,"
he explains. "Marine plants have large structures which make for
easier examination. The information on how cells grow can then be
applied to land plants."
Boyer is currently a joint principal investigator on a $2.2 million
grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for its genomics
program that is investigating and cataloging genes of plant species.
"We are focusing on maize," he explains. "High oil content is desirable
for some corn crops and can be manipulated by genetic means. My
role in the project is to study how deposition of oil in the developing
maize grain is affected by environmental variables, especially drought."
Over the years, Boyer has received funding from the National Science
Foun-dation, the Department of Energy, and the U.S. Department of
Agriculture. He has written two books and published more than 160
journal articles. He's a member of the National Academy of Sciences
and several other honorary and profes-sional societies.
Dozens of students received awards at CMS Honors Day held May 7 in
Lewes. Associate dean Nancy Targett presided over the ceremonies.
Guest speaker was CMS alumnus Dr. David M. Einolf, manager of Pacific
Northwest Compliance and Operations Services, Dames and Moore, Inc.,
in Portland, Oregon.
Recognized at Honors Day
The E. Sam Fitz Award, recognizing the student who has displayed
the greatest aptitude for professional development in the field
of marine studies, was awarded to Thomas Arnold, Ph.D. graduate
in marine biology-biochemistry.
The following students were recognized for outstanding theses and
dissertations: Thomas Arnold, Ph.D. graduate in marine biology-biochemistry,
and Guebuem Kim, Ph.D. graduate in oceanography, received the Frances
Severance Award for best student thesis or dissertation within CMS.
Rosemarie Hinkel, master's student in marine policy, received the
Center for the Study of Marine Policy Award for the best research
paper. Brian Glazer, master's student in marine biology-biochemistry,
received the Thomas H. Hinkle Award in recognition of his research
on Delaware's Inland Bays.
Academic Council Awards for the best dissertation within a program
area were awarded to Thomas Arnold, marine biology-biochemistry;
Ampai Harakunarak, marine policy; Yun He, applied ocean science;
and Guebuem Kim, oceanography. Kim also received the University's
Theodore Wolf Prize in Physical and Life Sciences for his dissertation.
Publications Awards went to Milen Dyoulgerov, doctoral student
in marine policy, for "Navigating the Bosporus and the Dardanelles:
A Test for the International Community," published in The International
Journal of Marine and Coastal Law; Jinglan Wu, Ph.D. graduate in
marine biology-biochemistry for "Salinity Adaptation of Plasma Membrane
H+-ATPase in the Salt Marsh Plant Spar-tina patens: ATP Hydrolysis
and Enzyme Kinetics," co-authored with Dr. Denise M. Seliskar, and
published in the Journal of Experimental Botany; and Jianhua Ye,
Ph.D. graduate in oceanography, for "A Model Study of Estuary and
Shelf Tidally Driven Circulation," co-authored with Dr. Richard
W. Garvine, and published in Con-tinental Shelf Research.
The following internal fellowships and scholarships were presented:
Cecelia Linder, master's student in marine biology-biochemistry,
and Emiko Maruyama, master's student in marine policy, received
Marian R. Okie Fellowships granted on the basis of academic and
research excellence and demonstrated leadership abilities. Cecily
C. Natunewicz, doctoral student in oceanography, and Arun Chawla,
doctoral student in civil engineering, received Delaware Sea Grant
student awards in recognition of excellence in student research
in the Delaware Sea Grant College Program. Gina Perovich, master's
student in marine biology-biochemistry, received the Dr. Paul R.
Austin Sea Grant Student Fellowship, granted on the basis of academic
and research excellence in the field of biochemistry. The University
Tuition Scholarship was presented to Robin Tyler, doctoral student
in marine biology-biochemistry.
President's Fellowships for academic and research accomplishments
were awarded to Michael Jones, doctoral student in marine biology-biochemistry,
and Richard Wong, master's student in ma-rine biology-biochemistry.
CMS Program Fellowships were awarded to a student in each CMS program
on the basis of academic accomplishments. Recipients included Allison
Beauregard, master's student in oceanography; Susan Bunsick, master's
student in marine policy; Carrie Kopin, master's student in marine
biology-biochemistry; Wenkai Qin, doctoral student in applied ocean
science, and Edward Stewart, doctoral student in physical ocean
science and engineering.
Ten oceanography students received National Science Foundation
Graduate Research Traineeships/Fellowships in Coastal Oceanography:
doctoral students Cecily Natunewicz, Carol Janzen, Maria Honeycutt,
and Susan Park; and master's students Olivia Hauser, Michael Whitney,
Allison Beauregard, Alex-ander Parker, Linda Popels, and Frances
Several students received regional and national recognition. Thomas
Arnold, doctoral graduate in marine biology-biochemistry, and Carol
Janzen, doctoral candidate in oceanography, received the National
Science Foundation Ocean Science Board Travel Award. Katherine Bunting-Howarth,
doctoral student in marine policy, received a Student Travel Award
from UD's Commission on the Status of Women. Bunting-Howarth and
Carrie Kopin, master's student in marine biology-biochemistry, were
named NOAA graduate research fellows in the National Estuarine Research
Reserve System Fellowship Program.
Additionally, two students received research scholarships from
Delaware Mobile Surf Fishermen, Inc. - Olivia Hauser, master's student
in oceanography, for her project related to the "coral beds" of
Delaware Bay, and Richard Wong, master's student in marine biology-biochemistry,
for his project related to tautog. Ursula Howson, doctoral student
in marine biology-biochemistry, received the Philanthropic Education
Organization Scholar Award. Dosoo Jang, doctoral candidate in marine
policy, and Alison Sipe, master's graduate in marine biology-biochemistry,
received Dean John A. Knauss Marine Policy Fellowships in the National
Sea Grant Federal Fellows Program. Matthew Schwartz, doctoral student
in oceanography, received the Environmental Protection Agency Science
to Achieve Results (STAR) Fellowship for 1998?2001.
Knecht Receives National
Robert W. Knecht, professor and co-director of the Center for the
Study of Marine Policy at CMS, has won the 1999 Julius A. Stratton
Award for Leadership. The national award is bestowed biennially to
the person or group who has made the greatest difference in leading
the cause for the coast and who can best be labeled as the "Champion
of the Coast."
The Stratton award is named for the former president of the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology who chaired the national Commission on Marine
Science, Engineering and Resources - the "Stratton Commission" -
in 1969. It laid the foundation for the Coastal Zone Management
Act and Program.
Previous winners include Peter Douglas, executive director of the
California Coastal Commission in 1995, and Sylvia Earle, renowned
ocean explorer, in 1997.
Knecht has a distinguished record of leadership in coastal management.
In 1972, he was named the first director of the nation's Coastal
Zone Management (CZM) Program and led its implementation for nine
years. After serving on the U.S. Law of the Sea delegation, he directed
programs for the licensing of deep-sea mining and ocean thermal
energy conversion systems.
During his government service, Knecht twice was awarded the U.S.
Department of Commerce's Gold Medal, for a satellite experiment
to explore the upper side of the ionosphere, and for his leadership
of the CZM Program.
A prolific author, he recentlyco- wrote, with Dr. Biliana Cicin-Sain,
the books Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management: Concepts and
Practices (1998) and The Future of U.S. Ocean Policy: Choices for
the New Century (1999).
Editor's Note: Alumni Update, a periodic feature of At Sea, helps
our graduates stay in touch and illustrates the exciting careers built
on a CMS education.
David M. Einolf
M.S. Marine Biology-Biochemistry, 1984
David M. Einolf is manager of Pacific Northwest Compliance and
Operations Services, Dames and Moore, Inc., in Portland, Oregon.
As a consulting engineer, Einolf's goal is to move technology into
business application. He has consulted for forest products, microelectronics,
and food processors, among others. Einolf was invited back to CMS
as the keynote speaker for Honors Day 1999.
Dames and Moore
700 N.E. Multnomah, Suite 1000
Portland, Oregon 97232
(503) 235-9044 u firstname.lastname@example.org
During the summer, professors Biliana Cicin-Sain and Robert Knecht,
co-directors of the UD Center for the Study of Marine Policy, conducted
courses in integrated coastal management at the University of Sevilla
in Spain and the University of Genoa in Italy through the U.S./European
Consortium, which they helped organize.
The consortium involves an international team of six universities
and seven other partners from government, nongovernmental organizations,
and the private sector. Consortium activities focus on three major
themes: integrated management of coastal areas, U.S./Europe relations
on regional fisheries issues, and implementation of recent international
Robert Dalrymple, professor of civil engineering and director of
the UD Center for Applied Coastal Research, has received the 1999
International Coastal Engineering Award from the American Society
of Civil Engineers. He was lauded for his "outstanding and continuing
achievements and contributions to the advancement of coastal engineering
through research, teaching, and profes-sional leadership."
Dalrymple develops computer models to predict shoreline changes
and advance the science of coastal protection. He has produced more
than 175 research publications and advised 30 students, many of
whom have gone on to leadership positions at universities and coastal
institutions. He also has developed educational resources on the
Internet for the coastal engineering profession and the public at
www.coastal.udel.edu. He holds a joint faculty appointment with
Associate dean Nancy Targett is a member of the first class of
fellows in the Aldo Leopold Leadership Program, an innovative communications
training program sponsored by the Ecological Society of America.
The new program's goal is to bridge the gap between public perception
and scientific fact regarding environmental issues by training scientists
to communicate with the public.
The program is organized into five areas: providing leadership
within the scientific community, providing scientific input to the
policy process, communicating with the media, interacting with the
corporate sector, and working with nongovernmental organizations.
A strong proponent of marine education and outreach, Targett initiated
the Ocean Currents Lecture Series at the Lewes campus and has been
a driving force behind development of the CMS Web site at www.ocean.udel.edu.
Interns Gain Experience
Nine undergraduates took on the challenge of the Marine Sciences Summer
Internship at CMS this summer. During the 10-week program, the students
immersed themselves in graduate-level marine research under the guidance
of CMS faculty at the Hugh R. Sharp Campus in Lewes. The program,
now in its 13th year, is supported by a grant from the National Science
Foundation and is coordinated by CMS oceanography professor Jonathan
in Marine Research
The interns came from universities across the nation. They included
(photo, front row, from left) Jude Szczerba (Notre Dame University),
Lisa Webster (Princeton University), Rebekah Walker (St. Mary's
College); (second row, from left) Andrea LePard (University of Rhode
Island), Heather Patterson (University of New Hampshire), Emily
Chandler (Smith College); (third row, from left) Kara Sedwick (Grove
City College), Stacy DeRuiter (St. Olaf College), and Tracy Phelps