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Vol. 25, No. 1
Annual Report 2006
30 Years of Discovery
A Tradition of Excellence: Sea Grant Advances Coastal Science & Education in Delaware
Happy anniversary! Thirty years ago, on May 18,
1976, the University of Delaware was designated
the nation's ninth Sea Grant College. This recognition
of excellence signified a strong partnership of the National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration,
the State of Delaware, and the University focused
on providing Delawareans with the highest quality research, educational
programs, and public service
to foster the wise use, conservation, and management of the state's
ocean and coastal resources.
Today, "Delaware Sea Grant" is part of a national network
of 30 Sea Grant programs located along the U.S. coastline. We work
in our states and across state boundaries on coastal issues and
opportunities, from "ocean observing" efforts to improve
weather forecasts and ecosystem monitoring, to "smart growth" planning
for coastal communities, and much more.
The decline of the state's once-vital oyster fishery was the
catalyst for the first Sea Grant research project at the University
of Delaware in 1968. Today, our program is conducting 18 research
studies and programs in the priority areas of ecosystems, environmental
technologies and engineering, marine biotechnology, marine commerce
and transportation, and marine literacy, education, and outreach.
Our Sea Grant Advisory Council, composed of 51 representatives of
marine industry, commerce, resource management, and public education,
helps identify key issues
facing the coast and provides valuable guidance to our program.
We also encourage public feedback at the events and programs we
offer, in surveys like the one you will find in this report, and
online at our Web site.
As always, if you have a concern or comment, we want to hear from
While this report highlights a number of projects under way at Delaware
Sea Grant across the research, education, and outreach spectrum,
we hope you also will enjoy taking a look back at a few of the many
accomplishments our program has made in the past 30 years, highlighted
in the timeline and in several treasured photos of the past.
We are inspired by the dedication of so many who have helped Delaware Sea Grant
achieve its voyage of excellence over the past 30 years, and we look forward
to advancing future discoveries -- full-speed ahead!
Dr. Nancy Targett
Director, UD Sea Grant College Program
Dean, UD College of Marine and Earth Studies
Delaware Bay is home to the largest population
of horseshoe crabs in the world. The animal's eggs provide a nutritious
source of food for migrating shorebirds. Its blood, which can be
removed without harm, is the basis of a pharmaceutical test to
ensure that drugs and prosthetics are bacteria free. Horseshoe
crabs also are the preferred bait in the eel and whelk fisheries.
However, recent declines in the horseshoe crab's population have
spurred efforts to protect the animal, from stricter harvesting
limits to artificial bait research.
Delaware Sea Grant researchers are continuing to make progress in the development
of an artificial bait based on the compound in female horseshoe crabs that
attracts fish. In previous studies, the scientists partially purified the attractant,
ran preliminary trials with it in the lab, and had some success attracting
eels. They worked with several manufacturers to incorporate the compound into
artificial bait formulations and worked with local fishermen to conduct small-scale
field trials. Due to quality control issues, other bait development options
are being explored, and the research is focused on fully isolating the attractant.
University of Delaware molecular biologist Pam
Green and research fellow Yu-Sung Wu at the Delaware Biotechnology
Institute are partnering with marine biologist Nancy Targett and
research associate Kirstin Wakefield at the College of Marine Studies
in Lewes to isolate and purify the horseshoe crab's "fish attractant."
"Once we leap this major hurdle, the next
step would be to create a synthetic version of the attractant through
The project is supported by the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, and the DuPont Company.
According to the Centers for Disease Control,
an estimated 2,500 people become seriously ill and 500 people die
each year from eating food contaminated with Listeria
monocytogenes, a bacterium commonly found in soil, water, and on decaying plants.
In Sea Grant research funded in partnership with the National Fisheries
Institute, University of Delaware food scientists Haiqiang Chen
and Dallas Hoover and seafood specialist Doris Hicks are working
with the seafood industry to develop new food packaging -- a kind
of antimicrobial film -- that will stop Listeria in its tracks.
The researchers are incorporating nisin, a natural food preservative
with bacteriocidal properties, into the plastic wrap used to cover
packages of seafood. Nisin is harmless to humans but deadly to
As an added benefit, the bacteria-fighting film also can extend
the shelf life of fish when used with a technique called "modified
atmosphere packaging" in which the air in a package of fish,
which can promote spoilage, is replaced with nitrogen or other
This Sea Grant research is aiding the seafood industry at a time
when U.S. seafood consumption is at an all-time high, with Americans
eating a record 16.6 pounds of fish and shellfish per person annually.
What's more, the scientists say their techniques can be used
to control Listeria in other foods, including hot dogs,
bologna, and other ready-to-eat meats.
Building a New Tool to
Predict Rip Current
Rip currents cause 80% of all surf rescues in
the United States, according to the U.S. Life-saving Association.
These fast-moving currents can pull even the strongest swimmer
out to sea.
James Kirby, Edward C. Davis Professor of Civil and Environmental
Engineering at the University of Delaware, is working on a new
tool to predict rip currents using surf data collected by a video
camera system at Bethany Beach. The project is a collaborative
effort with Robert Dalrymple, a coastal engineer at Johns Hopkins
University, who has received funding from Maryland Sea Grant to
establish a similar beach-monitoring system in Ocean City, Maryland.
Kirby and master's degree student Todd DeMunda are correlating
surf conditions recorded by video cameras and observations made
by lifeguards with tidal and meteorological data to determine the
occurrence of a rip current. Numerical models simulating nearshore
hydrodynamics then will be used to reveal the most important parameters
involved in the rip current's generation.
"This effort will lead to a simple model that will predict
rip currents based on meteorological conditions," Kirby says. "For
example, if intersecting waves or wave groups are found to be an
important mechanism in generating rip currents at Bethany Beach,
then wave data can be used to detect critical conditions. This
type of predictive model could easily be put on a Web page and
used as an accurate, early warning system for rip currents," he
Footage from the beach monitoring project will be available on
the Web site of the UD Center for Applied Coastal Research at www.coastal.udel.edu.
What's a Beach Worth?
What is the economic loss if Rehoboth Beach were
to close for a day or a week or even longer in the summer due to
an oil spill? Or if the beach at Fenwick Island were reduced to
a fraction of its width due to major storms?
George Parsons, a professor in the UD College of Marine Studies, is asking these and other questions in his Sea Grant research. His goal is to update and expand an economic model he developed for assessing environmental damages along the coast.
In a previous Sea Grant study in 1997, Parsons gathered data on beach use from a random sample of over 1,000 Delaware residents. For the current project, he recently completed an extensive Internet survey of 2,000 households in eight states on the East Coast. Collectively, these households represented visitation to nearly 70 beaches. He and Georgi Spiridonov, a Ph.D. student in economics, are now analyzing the beach-use data and expect to have the model up and running this fall.
"The model will enable me to infer the economic value of beaches and even the
value of changes in the characteristics of a beach such as a narrowing or an
improvement in water quality," Parsons notes. "I'll also be able
to use the model to predict visitation and changes in visitation to beaches
in Delaware and New Jersey."
Parsons is working closely with economists in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration on the project. His previous model has been used in damage assessment
cases and is now featured in a textbook on economic valuation.
Curb Invasive Species
Ocean-going ships often carry millions of gallons
of water in their ballast tanks. While this water is intended to
help stabilize vessels on the high seas, it also can harbor lots
of "hitchhikers" -- from microscopic plants to entire
schools of fish.
"Scientists estimate that approximately 3,000 species are
transported in the ballast water of ships or on their hulls each
day," says James Corbett, a marine policy expert at the University
of Delaware. "Discharging ballast water can introduce these
potentially invasive species into ports, causing ecological, socioeconomic,
and human health consequences," he notes.
Corbett and colleague Jeremy Firestone are developing a "decision-support
model" that will help port operators choose among different
alternatives for reducing the potential for invasive species introductions.
Data such as the size of the ballast tank in a given vessel, length
of voyage, total volume of ballast discharged or exchanged at sea,
the concentration of organisms in ballast water, and the temperature
and salinity of the water at various ports are being gathered.
Information on the effectiveness and costs of various ballast treatment
options also is being collected.
"Ultimately, users of the model will be able to change any
of the parameters to see which combination makes the most sense
monetarily and environmentally," Firestone notes. "The
model can be applied to individual vessels or regionally to port
traffic, and will enable port operators to rank various control
methods by their cost to ship operations or cargo freight rates."
This Delaware Sea Grant project is being conducted in collaboration
with the Maryland Center for Environmental Science and the Rochester
Institute of Technology.
Genetic Tools Help Gauge
Success of Oyster Stock
In the heyday of the region's oyster fishery
in the 1880s, over 3 million bushels of "white gold" were
harvested annually in Delaware Bay, while landings soared to five
times that number in Chesapeake Bay. Today, the region's
oyster fishery has declined to less than 1% of historic levels
-- the victim of over-harvesting, habitat destruction, and the
deadly oyster diseases MSX and Dermo.
In the quest to rebuild the Mid-Atlantic oyster fishery, a lot
of time and energy has been invested in breeding and "outplanting" disease-resistant
stocks derived from our native oyster, Crassostrea virginica. But
are these efforts working?
In Sea Grant research at the University of Delaware, marine scientist
Patrick Gaffney and doctoral students Coren Milbury and Robin Varney
are developing genetic techniques to rapidly identify hatchery-cultured
oysters versus wild stocks. The project is a regional effort to
help scientists in Maryland and Virginia assess the effectiveness
of their stock-enhancement programs.
Hatchery oysters have a different DNA "fingerprint" than
wild stocks due to the limited genetic lines used to grow oysters
in the lab. To find out how well hatchery stocks planted out in
the Chesapeake Bay are faring and if they are contributing offspring,
the scientists collect oysters from specific locations in the bay,
extract a small amount of DNA from them, and then analyze them
using DNA sequencers that can process up to 96 samples at a time.
In addition to evaluating the success of marine stock enhancement
programs, Gaffney says the protocols developed in the project also
can be adapted to screen sediments or ballast water for a particular
"This would be very useful in cases where the target species
is difficult to identify or extremely rare, such as in the early
stages of a biological invasion," he notes.
Best Plants for
Wetlands a "between a rock and a hard place," so to
speak. Rising sea level is eroding their bay side, while coastal development
is impacting their landward edge. As marshes disappear, their nutrient-filtering
capacities, among other benefits, are lost, resulting in higher concentrations
of nitrogen and phosphorus reaching coastal waters. Increased concentrations
of nutrients can fuel an overgrowth of algae, which robs bays and estuaries
of oxygen, threatening marine life.
Jack Gallagher and Denise Seliskar, botanists at the University of Delaware College of Marine Studies and co-directors of UD's Halophyte Biotechnology Center, believe that if we can find the right marsh plants for the job, they can help tackle a couple of these challenges simultaneously -- both stand up to sea-level rise and reduce nutrient inputs into estuaries. These marsh plants would be ideal for restoring existing marshes or creating new wetlands in coastal areas.
"We want to identify those plants that have a superior ability to not only filter and sequester nutrients from upland runoff or the incoming tides, but also to release nutrients at a time when their detrimental impacts to estuarine waters will be minimal, such as during the wintertime," Gallagher says.
Seliskar notes that it also is important to identify those plants that direct most of their photosynthetic activity below ground, to the plant's root system. The accumulation of roots increases the elevation of the marsh surface, and as sea level rises, the marsh is able to "keep up" rather than be swallowed by the sea.
Currently, the two scientists and doctoral student Tracy Elsey are analyzing four species of marsh plants commonly found on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts for their ability to not only filter and sequester nutrients, but also absorb and store carbon in their roots. They include smooth cordgrass (Spartina
alterniflora), salt-meadow cordgrass (Spartina patens), black rush (Juncus
roemerianus), and groundsel tree (Baccharis halimifolia). Field samples of the plants have been collected at Assawoman Wildlife Area in partnership with the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control. The scientists currently are doing comparative studies of the plants, from the leaves to the roots, to determine the best candidates for further genetic studies.
Sea Grant Outreach
The Delaware Sea Grant Marine Advisory Service (MAS)
fosters the wise use, conservation, and development of marine
resources by acting as a conduit between university researchers
and the public. From their base of operations at the UD College
of Marine Studies in Lewes, the staff travels throughout the state
to work with business owners, coastal resource managers, teachers,
and many other individuals.
The MAS assists these groups in solving problems and addressing
new opportunities by providing timely, objective, science-based
information and techniques. This technology and information transfer
may take the form of applied research projects, workshops and training
seminars, personal consultations, publications, Web sites, and
Currently, the MAS is addressing issues related to land use, water
quality, marine education, shoreline processes and coastal hazards,
aquaculture and fisheries, seafood technology and consumer education,
and marine business and transportation. For more information, contact
the office at (302) 645-4346.
New Initiative to Enhance
During the past year, James Falk, director of
the Delaware Sea Grant Marine Advisory Service, co-chaired a University
committee that is now advancing "A University of Delaware
Coastal Community Enhancement Initiative."
The effort, aimed at addressing land-use issues in Sussex County,
involves the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources and the
Cooperative Extension Service; the College of Human Services, Education
and Public Policy and the Institute for Public Administration;
and the College of Marine Studies and Delaware Sea Grant.
"The Delaware Population Consortium has projected that Sussex
County could see a 62% growth rate by 2030 to almost 255,000 people," Falk
says. "Unsustainable growth can adversely affect the qualities
that are cherished by residents and visitors alike."
Among the UD initiative's recommendations
are the development of a model to estimate the impacts of growth
on the county to 2030, an infrastructure capacity analysis, and
creation of a Web site on community planning issues. For more information,
contact Falk at (302) 645-4235.
NEMO Planning Guide
If current trends hold true, including low taxes
and a strong consumer demand for coastal properties, Delaware's
population is likely to keep growing.
Joseph Farrell, UD Sea Grant marine resource management specialist,
coordinates Non-Point Education for Municipal Officials (NEMO),
a statewide network of educators, resource managers, and planners
that provides communities with educational programs and materials
to help them plan where and how to develop while protecting their
During the past year, the team published the NEMO
Guide to Natural Resource-Based Planning, a 67-page manual covering topics ranging
from planning for open space, to managing stormwater, to writing
ordinances that protect natural resources. The guide is now in
its second printing, with copies also available on CD. It also
may be downloaded from the Delaware NEMO Web site at nemo.udel.edu in the near future.
"The guide is designed to help planning commissions and councils
guide how growth will occur -- and how to minimize undesirable
consequences on natural resources and the character of their communities," Farrell
Funding for the project has been provided by Delaware Coastal Programs,
NOAA Sea Grant, Delaware Sea Grant, and the Delaware Department
of Transportation. For more information, contact Farrell at (302)
Workshops Aid Region's
Charter Boat Industry
Sportfishing aboard charter- and head boats is a tradition along the Mid-Atlantic coast. These vessels and their operators play an important role in attracting visitors to many coastal communities. However, the industry also is challenged by ever-changing fisheries regulations, safety issues, and fluctuating demand.
For the past four years, Delaware Sea Grant has helped organize the Delmarva Charter Boat Operators Workshop in conjunction with colleagues at the Maryland and Virginia Sea Grant programs.
"These workshops are a great opportunity for boat operators to come together and discuss mutual challenges," says John Ewart, UD Sea Grant fisheries and aquaculture specialist.
More than 175 boat captains have learned about business management, marketing, safety and legal issues, and fisheries such as white marlin and rockfish in the popular programs.
The next workshop is tentatively set for March 2007. For more information, contact Ewart at (302) 645-4060.
Coastal Specialist Assists
Beach Monitoring Project
Wendy Carey, UD Sea Grant coastal processes specialist, is assisting with the public education and outreach component of the Surf and Nearshore Dynamics Camera (SANDCam) beach monitoring project at Rehoboth Beach.
With funding from the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, UD coastal engineer Jack Puleo has installed seven cameras on the roof of the Henlopen Hotel. They provide a 180-degree view of the coast, from Herring Point to the north, to the southern end of Rehoboth Beach.
"The camera array will provide imagery that can be used to obtain information on dynamic coastal processes and beach morphology such as sandbar and shoreline locations," Carey says. "Monitoring the coast will enhance our understanding of the driving forces that impact and shape Delaware's shoreline, and will ultimately improve management strategies."
For more information, contact Carey at (302) 645-4258.
Questions about Seafood
Lights, camera, action! It's time to videotape the "Seafood Advisor," a series of 90-second public service announcements featuring Doris Hicks, UD Sea Grant's seafood technology specialist.
"The series is designed to help answer consumers' most frequently asked questions about seafood," Hicks says.
Hicks recently was videotaped at the Lewes Fish House on the first round of topics -- eyeing and buying seafood, and the differences between wild and farm-raised fish. A number of future topics are planned, from deveining shrimp to cleaning squid.
When ready, the video clips will be provided to seafood markets in Delaware and beyond. They also will be linked to Hicks's popular seafood Web pages, as well as the National Fisheries Institute's Web site at aboutseafood.com. For more information, contact Hicks at (302) 645-4297.
Focus on Biotechnology
Biotechnology is the use of living things to make products, from foods to pharmaceuticals.
"Products that contain yeast such as root beer, bread, cheese, and yogurt are all examples of biotechnology," says Bill Hall, UD Sea Grant marine education specialist. "So is applying pyrethrum for garden pests or using ethanol for gas. Much of the world's economy will depend on biotechnology," he notes.
With funding from the National Science Foundation's Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) grant to Delaware, Hall is developing inservice programs to introduce Delaware middle-school teachers to biotechnology. A weekend course was held over the winter, and a week-long course is set for July 9-14 at the Virden Center in Lewes.
For more information, contact Hall at (302) 645-4253, or visit the course Web site at www.ocean.udel.edu/public/biotechcourse.html.
Sea Grant Plays Role in
Ocean Observing Network
The Mid-Atlantic Coastal Ocean Observing Regional Association (MACOORA) is overseeing the design and sustained operation of integrated ocean observing systems from Cape Cod to Cape Hatteras.
"Ocean observing systems consist of ocean buoys, stream gauges, radar, autonomous underwater vehicles, satellites, ships, and meteorological instruments that collect real-time data, which is then processed, checked for quality, and made available for a number of applications," says David Chapman, UD Sea Grant ports and transportation specialist and executive director of MACOORA. "For example, coastal radar data is used to measure water surface currents. This data is combined with tide and wind data to predict where an oil spill might come ashore, or to optimize search-and-rescue missions to find crewmen from a sunken fishing boat."
As a Sea Grant extension specialist, Chapman is working to identify users of the new technology and determine how current technology can be modified to meet additional user needs.
For more information, contact Chapman at (302) 645-4268.
Sea Grant: Boosting Public
Awareness & Education
about the Ocean
The Marine Public Education Office, based at the University of Delaware's main campus in Newark, is your connection to an ocean of information! The staff, working for both the UD College of Marine Studies and Delaware Sea Grant, relay timely information about coastal research, issues, and events to thousands of people each year through news releases, curricula and on-line educational programs, the SeaTalk radio series, interactive Web sites, videos, and special exhibits.
During the past year, the staff won 15 state and national awards for excellence in communications and public education. In addition to the projects highlighted here, be sure to check out our Web site at www.ocean.udel.edu. For more information, please contact the office at (302) 831-8083 or MarineCom@udel.edu.
At Coast Day 2005, many of the event's 10,000 visitors explored Sea Grant's special exhibit on shipwrecks, developed in partnership with the Delaware Department of State's Lewes Maritime Archaeology Project. The exhibit highlighted the recent discovery of a colonial shipwreck off Lewes, Delaware, through activities and artifacts, along with the technol-ogy used to locate sunken vessels.
UD Marine Public Education issues more than 50 press releases a year and helps connect the media with UD marine experts for major stories. In the past year, our scientists appeared in a variety of U.S. media, ranging from local newspapers, radio, TV stations, and Web sites, to the CBS "Early Show" and National Public Radio's "Science Friday." They also were featured in newspapers and TV stations in France, Russia, and China.
Dogfish Shark Model
Learn all about the smooth dogfish shark as you put together your very own 3-D paper model! This eight-page, full-color project meets the National Science Education Standards. It includes background on sharks, the model parts to cut out with scissors and tape together, and a crossword puzzle to test your knowledge. Cost: Free to Delaware teachers for classroom use; $1 for the public. Contact: Marine Public Education, (302) 831-8083.
Now in its 31st year, this popular radio series is broadcast on 35 stations with an estimated 10 million listeners. It highlights topics ranging from rip currents to seafood, the latest Sea Grant research, and new publications. Listen in on the Web at www.ocean.udel.edu/seagrant/seatalk/.
Free Resource Guide
This handy 24-page booklet is your "one-stop shop" for Delaware Sea Grant publications, videos, Web sites, gift items, events, and volunteer opportunities. For a free copy, contact Marine Public Education, (302) 831-8083. It's also available on our Web site.
Biotech Web Site
Check out the leading-edge biotechnology research, education, and outreach efforts being advanced by Delaware's institutions of higher education through the National Science Foundation's Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research. It's the wave of the future! Visit www.epscor.dbi.udel.edu/ outreach today.
"Get Your Feet Wet" in
These Events & Activities!
Ocean Currents Lecture Series -- Lewes
free public lectures presented by UD marine scientists. Held the
third Thursday of each month, April through Sept., 7:00 p.m., UD
Hugh R. Sharp Campus, 700 Pilottown Rd., Lewes. Reservations required.
Contact: (302) 645-4279.
Lunch & Lecture Series -- Wilmington
Learn about the latest
UD marine research over lunch at the Hotel du Pont. Held periodically
from November through April, 11:30 a.m. – 1 p.m. Cost: $15.
Reservations required. Contact: (302) 831-8083.
Horseshoe Crab Census
Help count horseshoe crabs along Delaware
Bay beaches each spring. Contact: (302) 645-4346.
Support the UD College of Marine Studies and
Delaware Sea Grant. This group brings together "for enlightenment
and entertainment" individuals from all walks of life who
take an active interest in UD's marine programs. Contact:
Help collect and analyze water samples
in the Broadkill River or Inland Bays watershed. Training is provided.
Contact: (302) 645-4346.
Coast Day 2006 -- Sunday, Oct. 1, Lewes
Immerse yourself in UD's
annual sea celebration, the winner of state and national awards
for marine education. 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Free admission; $2 parking.
Contact: (302) 831-8083. If your company would like to help sponsor
Coast Day, please call (302) 645-4346.
Marine Lab Tours
Tour UD's marine research complex in Lewes.
From June through August, tours are offered every Friday at 10:30
a.m. They also can be arranged for other times through the year.
Reservations required. Contact: (302) 645-4346.
Native Plant Garden Tours
Learn to identify plants native to the
Delaware coast on this self-guided tour. The garden is at the entrance
to Cannon Lab on the UD Hugh R. Sharp Campus, 700 Pilottown Rd.,
Lewes. Contact: (302) 645-4346.
At Sea E-Newsletter
Subscribe today to this free e-newsletter
highlighting the latest research, educational activities, and public
events at Delaware Sea Grant and the UD College of Marine Studies.
Explore an ocean of information right at your fingertips
on the Web site of the UD College of Marine Studies and Delaware
Sea Grant. http://www.ocean.udel.edu
Sea Grant Advisory Council
Mr. William J. Miller, Jr., Chairman
Mr. Russell Archut
Mr. Gene Bailey
Hon. Joseph W. Booth
Hon. George H. Bunting, Jr.
Hon. V. George Carey
Hon. John C. Carney, Jr.
Hon. G. Wallace Caulk, Jr.
Ms. Carol R. Collier
Hon. Dori Connor
Ms. Sarah Cooksey
Hon. Charles L. Copeland
Hon. Joseph G. DiPinto
Mr. John Dragone
Hon. Bruce C. Ennis
Mr. Gerard Esposito
Captain Holly Ann Firuta
Ms. Lorraine Fleming
Mayor James L. Ford, III
Mr. Daniel Furlong
Ms. Jeanie Harper
Mr. A. Richard Heffron
Hon. Gerald W. Hocker
Mr. John A. Hughes
Mr. James T. Johnson, Jr.
Dr. Daniel J. Leathers
Mr. Edward A. Lewandowski
Dr. Ann Masse
Hon. David B. McBride
Ms. Constance McCarthy
Ms. Judy McKinney-Cherry
Mr. Roy Miller
Mr. Gary B. Patterson
Ms. Betsy Reamer
Dr. Hazell Reed
Mr. Dennis Rochford
Dr. Paul E. Sample
Mr. Edward Santoro
Mr. John Schneider
Hon. Peter C. Schwartzkopf
Dr. Janice A. Seitz
Dr. Elizabeth Shea
Dr. Edward M. Simek
Hon. F. Gary Simpson
Hon. Liane Sorenson
Dr. Carolyn Thoroughgood
Mr. Douglas Van Rees
Ms. Katherine Ward
Mr. Stuart Widom
Ms. Valerie Woodruff