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The Center for Carbon-Free Power Integration has eight governing members, and many other affiliated scientists.

faculty2.jpgDirector - Dr. Jeremy Firestone
Wind Power Associate Director - Dr. Cristina Archer
Grid-Integrated Vehicles (GIV) Associate Director - Dr. Willett Kempton
Associate Director for Education Programs -
     Dr. John A. Madsen
Associate Director for Strategic Initiatives -
     Bonnie Ram 

Other Governing Scientists/Members
Dr. Meryl P. Gardner
Dr. Ajay Prasad
Dr. Dana Veron

Affiliated Scientists/Members
Dr. Suresh G. Advani
Dr. Helen Bowers
Dr. Jeffrey Buler
Dr. David L. Burris
Dr. James J. Corbett
Dr. Stephen Dexter
Dr. Fouad Kiamilev
Dr. Matthew Oliver
Dr. George R. Parsons
Dr. Jens Schubert
Dr. W. Gregory (Greg) Shriver
Dr. Arthur Trembanis
Dr. Fabrice Veron

Director - Jeremy Firestone
Dr. Jeremy Firestone, Ph.D., J.D., is a Professor in the School of Marine Science and Policy and holds a joint appointment in Legal Studies. He also is a faculty affiliate and on the program committee for the Water, Science and Policy graduate program and a faculty affiliate with the Delaware Environmental Institute.  Dr. Firestone is an expert on permitting of offshore wind and transmission, marine spatial planning, social acceptance of wind energy and environmental constraints on offshore development. He has made presentations on wind power at events sponsored by NREL-IEA, NYSERDA, DOE-DOI, EWEA and AWEA. Dr. Firestone served on the National Academy of Science Offshore Wind Power Workshop Planning Committee and presented offshore wind research at a separate NAS workshop on climate change. His recent research projects include working with Lawrence Berkeley National Lab on a national survey of public opinion on land-based wind, and a longitudinal study of perceptions related to the first US offshore wind project, and assessing the economic feasibility of land-based wind in low wind regimes. He co-teaches a course on the engineering, scientific and policy aspects of offshore wind power, and teaches courses on US renewable energy law, and international climate change policy. He also is the managing director of First State Marine Wind, LLC, which owns and operates the UD-Gamesa wind turbine.

Wind Power Associate Director​Dr. Cristina L. Archer is an associate professor in the College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment with a joint appointment between the Physical Ocean Science and Engineering (POSE) program of the School of Marine Science and Policy and the Department of Geography. She is also a board member of the Center for Carbon-free Power Integration (CCPI).” Her research interests include wind power, meteorology, air quality, climate change, and numerical modeling. She received her Ph.D. in Civil and Environmental Engineering from Stanford University in 2004. She held a post-doctoral researcher position there for one year and then worked as an atmospheric modeler in the air quality district of San Francisco for two years. She then joined the Carnegie Institution for Science in 2007 as a research associate for a year. In 2008, Dr. Archer joined the California State University Chico as an assistant professor in the Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences. She has been a consulting assistant professor with the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Stanford University since 2005.

Grid-Integrated Vehicles (GIV) Associate Director – Willett Kempton
Dr. Willett Kempton is a Professor in the School of Marine Science and Policy and holds a joint appointment in the Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering. Dr. Kempton is also a member of (and ex-Chair of) the Research and Development Subcommittee, Offshore Wind Working Group of the American Wind Energy Association. He is interested in environmental beliefs and values, environmental movements and integration of large-scale renewables. He has conducted offshore wind resource assessments for the US East Coast and Brazil, using buoy and QuikSCAT data. Dr. Kempton was lead author on discovery of the offshore wind leveling effect from NW-SE transmission in the Atlantic, published in the prestigious Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Kempton created the concept of using electric cars as storage for the electric power grid, called vehicle to grid power or “V2G”, and has four submitted patents on this technology. In the Fall of 2011 Dr. Kempton was the Otto Monsted Guest Professor at the Center for Electric Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Danish Technical University in Lyngby, Denmark.

Associate Director for Education Programs - John A. Madsen
Dr. Madsen is an Associate Professor in the Department of Geological Sciences.  His current research is focused in three major areas: 1) the geological and geotechnical aspects of the siting of offshore wind projects; 2) high-resolution geophysics in fisheries studies including the use of side-scan sonar to image threatened and endangered Atlantic sturgeon and their bottom habitats; and 3) the development of offshore geothermal energy through the transformation of oil and natural gas infrastructure to geothermal power systems.  Dr. Madsen teaches courses including freshmen honors colloquia in energy and earth resources and upper-level undergraduate and graduate-level courses in environmental and applied geology and geological aspects of offshore wind power.  He has served as a Co-Chair of the University of Delaware Sustainability Task Force and is a Past-President of the University Faculty Senate.​

Associate Director for Strategic Initiatives - Bonnie Ram
Bonnie Ram is a Senior Researcher and Associate Director of the Center for Carbon-free Power Integration in the College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment. From 2014-16, Ram was invited as a Guest Senior Researcher at the Danish Technical University – Wind Energy Department where her responsibility was to stimulate new thinking in the social sciences and environmental research. For 20 years, she served as a program leader and corporate officer at two national consulting firms, managing over $10 million in annual revenues and projects ranging from environmental compliance of nuclear waste sites to interagency initiatives on renewable energies. Ram is also a member of (and ex-Chair of) the Research and Development Subcommittee, Offshore Wind Working Group of the American Wind Energy Association. She has co-authored a number of major award-winning and highly recognized federal government reports, including the Department of Energy (DOE) National Vision Document on Wind Energy, “20% Wind by 2030” (2008), the DOE National Offshore Wind Strategy (2011), and the National Offshore Wind Report (2010) for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In 2010, she started her own consulting firm, Ram Power, LLC, which provides strategic advice for non-profit organizations and universities relating to renewable energy transitions.

Other Governing Scientists/Members

Dr. Meryl P. Gardner is an Associate Professor of Marketing at the Lerner College of Business and Economics. Dr. Gardner's research interests involve viewing marketing opportunities through a consumer psychology lens, with a focus on the influence of effect on consumer behavior and the role of marketing in socially positive behavior change. She is particularly interested in consumer response to energy-efficient technologies and socially beneficial products. Her work has appeared in Journal of Marketing Research, Journal of Consumer Research, Journal of Retailing, Psychology and Marketing, Journal of Business Research, Journal of Consumer Psychology, Marketing Letters, Journal of Small Business Management, Journal of Advertising and other journals.

Dr. Ajay Prasad is Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and also serves as Director of the Center for Fuel Cell Research. In 2014 he was named a College of Engineering Alumni Distinguished Professor. He has held research professor and visiting scientist positions in the Netherlands and India. The Center for Fuel Cell Research was formed to facilitate coordination amongst the approximately 20 UD faculty members working in this area, and to build ties with industries involved in fuel cells and hydrogen infrastructure activities. Professor Prasad also directs the University of Delaware Fuel Cell Bus Program whose goal is to develop and demonstrate fuel cell powered transit vehicles and hydrogen refueling stations. Professor Prasad’s other research interests include wind and ocean current energy, and vehicle to grid technology. He is also interested in energy-efficient, solar-powered buildings. He serves on the UDEI Steering Committee, and the City of Newark’s Conservation Advisory Committee.

Dr. Dana Veron is an Associate Professor in the College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment where she has an appointment in both the Department of Geography and the  Physical Ocean Science and Engineering program in the School of Marine Science and Policy. She is a founding member of CCPI. Dr. Veron’s recent research interests include offshore wind resource assessment, sea breeze circulation, land-ocean-atmospheric interactions, and regional climate change. Her research involves local-to-mesoscale atmospheric modeling along the Mid-Atlantic coastline and in the Arctic, as well as analysis of in situ observations of low-level winds and boundary layer clouds. Dr. Veron co-teaches the course on offshore wind power, as well as teaching courses on physical meteorology, and climate change.

Affiliated Scientists/Members

Dr. Suresh G. Advani is the George W. Laird Professor and Department Chair of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Associate Director of the Center for Composite Materials. His research focus is on transport phenomena as applied to Composite Manufacturing and Fuel Cells. Over the last two decades, he has contributed to development of the science base of composite manufacturing processes. Over the last couple of years he has applied that knowledge to provide insight into improvement and enhancement of composite wind blade manufacturing using fiber placement and liquid molding processes. He is the North American Editor for the journal Composite Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, has co-authored a text entitled Process Modeling in Composite Manufacturing, and written over 225 journal articles.

Dr. David L. Burris is an Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering and an Assistant Professor of the DE Biotechnology Institute. His research interests are in the area of materials tribology; research activities target an improved understanding of the fundamental processes underlying friction and wear at contacting interfaces. Current research efforts are motivated by challenges of space lubrication, joint disease rehabilitation and prevention, and wind turbine drivetrain reliability.

Dr. Helen Bowers is an Associate Professor in the Department of Finance in the Lerner College of Business and Economics.  Dr. Bowers has published numerous articles on corporate finance and valuation.  As a Senior Advisor for the Woodward Group, LLC, a merchant bank and consulting firm, she has performed valuation analysis for fairness opinions, mergers and acquisitions, initial public offerings, restructurings and litigation support.  Dr. Bowers’ current interests include the development of financial markets and specialized financial instruments, capital formation, valuation and the structure of project finance in the renewable energy sector.    Dr. Bowers is also a member of the Visiting Faculty at the Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris, France where she teaches Innovation in Energy Finance.

Dr. Jeffrey Buler is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Entomology and Wildlife Ecology. His research is focused on the movement, behavior, and ecology of birds during migratory stopover and modeling wildlife species distributions across spatial scales. Dr. Buler is also one of a handful of aeroecologists in the United States actively using the national network of weather surveillance radars to study the distribution, movement, and habitat use patterns of migratory birds and other flying animals in the airspace. His radar research includes developing techniques to quantify bird distributions, assessing bird response to habitat management and restoration activities, identifying important stopover areas, and examining how migrating birds respond to extreme weather events and negotiate ecological barriers to migration. He is also studying the flight activity of birds and bats at the University of Delaware’s wind turbine in Lewes, DE.

Dr. James J. Corbett is a Professor in the School of Marine Science and Policy with a joint appointment in Civil and Environmental Engineering. He is a leading collaborator in a multi-university Sustainable Intermodal Freight Transportation Research (SIFTR) program, an international research collaboration to improve the effective use of highway, waterway, railroad, and air transportation infrastructure.  Dr. Corbett also conducts technology-policy research related to transportation, including groundbreaking research on air emissions from maritime transport, energy and environmental impacts of freight transportation, and assessment of technological and policy strategies for improving goods movement. Among more than 175 publications related to shipping and multimodal transportation, Dr. Corbett coauthored the 2000 IMO Study on Greenhouse Gases from Ships, and the Second IMO Greenhouse Gas Study 2009i.

Dr. Stephen Dexter is a Professor of Applied Science and Marine Biology in the School of Marine Science and Policy. Prior to accepting his position at UD, Dr. Dexter conducted a post-doc in Marine Corrosion and Fouling at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Department of Ocean Engineering. Dr. Dexter conducts research in a variety of areas, including durability of materials for, and marine corrosion and biocorrosion of, wind power systems. He also undertakes research on the influence of microbial films on corrosion and corrosion electrochemistry; cathodic protection and calcareous deposition; marine corrosion and biofouling control; bioattachment and bioadhesion. He’s served on the editorial boards of Corrosion (1988-present) and Biofueling journals (1992-2002) and was an Assistant Editor for Biocorrosion, Biofouling Journal (2003 – 2006). Dr. Dexter has been a technical consultant on numerous industrial, government and private projects, including the US Navy, DARPA and NASA.

Dr. Fabrice Veron is a Professor and Director of Physical Ocean Science and Engineering in the College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment. Dr. Veron's research focuses on air-sea interaction and the small scale fluid dynamics at the surface of the ocean. He is particularly interested in the generation of turbulence on both sides of natural free surfaces, such as that generated by breaking surface waves and air-flow separation. He is also conducting research on the transport and evaporation of marine aerosols as well as the turbulence generated by rainfall. Dr. Veron has extensive experience in wave measurements and modeling, coupled air-sea surface wave related problems including wave turbulence modulations, and the influence of wave on air sea fluxes and wave modeling.

Dr. Matthew Oliver is an Associate Professor in the School of Marine Science and Policy. Dr. Oliver oversees the Ocean Exploration, Remote Sensing and Biogeography Laboratory (ORB Lab) at the University of Delaware. He is also one of the inaugural members of the Robotic Discovery Laboratories, which opened in August 2014. In 2015 he was named the Patricia & Charles Robertson Professor of Marine Science & Policy. Dr. Oliver graduated from Rutgers University with a Ph.D. in Oceanography. His primary research interests are ocean observing, ocean biogeography, polar ecosystems, coastal ecosystems, remote sensing, phytoplankton, bioluminescence, and evolution. He focuses on biological oceanography and biogeography, working to pinpoint where ocean organisms live, their populations and factors that influence their distributions.

Dr. George R. Parsons is a Professor in the School of Marine Science and Policy and holds a joint appointment in the Department of Economics. He has served as director of the Marine Policy Program. Most of Dr. Parsons’ research centers on understanding consumers’ preferences for environmental goods. He is a specialist in choice modeling techniques including travel cost models, hedonic price models, contingent valuation, and choice experiments. He has experience in survey research, discrete-choice econometrics, applied welfare economics, and consumer demand. His most closely related work is choice models valuing the attributes of electric vehicles, the visual disamenity of offshore wind power, beach closures (including beach narrowing due to sea level rise), and shorebird recreation. His work appears in the JEEM, Resource and Energy Economics, Environmental and Resource Economics, Land Economics, and other field journals in environmental economics.

Dr. Arthur Trembanis is an Associate Professor in the Department of Geological Sciences. Dr. Trembanis graduated from the College of William and Mary's Virginia Institute of Marine Studies with a Ph.D. in Marine Science. He currently directs the Coastal Sediments Hydrodynamics & Engineering Lab (CSHEL), which seeks to understand the morphodynamic processes of coastal systems. In his post-doctoral studies, he worked with the United States Geological Survey at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, where he focused on the morphodynamics of complex seabed features such as Rippled Scour Depressions (RSDs) based on observational records and numerical modeling strategies. Dr. Trembanis' primary research interests are in the observation and modeling of coastal morphodynamics, the morphological interplay of hydrodynamics (waves and currents) with sediment and seabed features (morphology).

Dr. Jens Schubert is an Assistant Professor of Economics in the Department of Economics in the Lerner College of Business and Economics. Dr. Schubert graduated from The University of Tennessee Knoxville with a Ph.D. in Economics. Prior to graduate studies in Economics, he earned a Master of Science in Econophysics (Dipl. Phys.-Oec.) from the University of Ulm in Germany, and gained experience in the private sector, working for Accenture, Robert Bosch, and UniCredit. Dr. Schubert's primary research interests are in the fields of environmental economics, energy economics, and industrial organization. He is also interested in questions in behavioral and financial economics. In his research, he is tying these interests to experimental economics and applied econometrics.

Dr. W. Gregory (Greg) Shriver is an Associate Professor in the Department of Entomology and Wildlife Ecology where he is engaged in collaborative projects related to restoration, avian ecology, monitoring, and conservation.  He is presently working with collaborators to: 1) develop a salt marsh integrity monitoring protocol for USFWS, 2) address the long-term (30 + years) effects of forest fragmentation on a neo-tropical migratory bird reproductive success and mating systems, 3) investigate the effects of tidal marsh management practices on breeding birds, 4) determine the effects of sea level rise and tidal marsh birds on the east coast, and 5) and determine the prevalence of Campylobacter in wild birds of eastern North America.  He is currently assessing the post-construction impacts on avian and bat species at the UD Lewes Wind Turbine.  This project is focused on estimating the seasonal mortality risk.


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Discovering how geological processes have operated over various time scales to create and influence the planet’s surface environments.

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