Offshore Wind Power | Research

Advanced Offshore Wind Energy - Atlantic Consortium

To make US university research more relevant to the wind industry, and to advance wind companies in this fast-developing technology field--these two sectors need more engagement than we have seen to date. To accomplish a more synergistic relationship, the University of Delaware has organized an industry-university consortium: “Advanced Offshore Wind -- Atlantic Consortium." University research participants are from UD, the University of Maryland and Old Dominion University. The activities of the Consortium includes multiple lines of wind power research, and creation of new graduate and advanced undergraduate courses relating to wind power from various disciplines. Both research and course content are reviewed and advised by a Board of Industrial Advisors from the wind industry. Photo below shows the Board of Industrial Advisors, PIs and researchers, on site at UD’s 2MW wind turbine during a Board meeting in June 2012. The Principal Investigator (PI) is Willett Kempton, and the Consortium is funded by the US Department of Energy as project DE-EE0003535. Click here for the Atlantic Wind Consortium site, including reports developed as part of this award.

Improving Atmospheric Models for Offshore Wind Resource Mapping and Prediction Using LIDAR, Aircraft, and In-ocean Observations

This project is using ocean meteorological tower measurements in conjunction with an airborne LIDAR in order to validate an ocean meteorological model, the Weather Research & Forecasting (WRF) model. Cape Wind Associates is making their meteorological tower in Nantucket Sound available for the project, and on their tower UD is installing new, high-quality meteorological instruments as required for validation of the atmospheric model. UD is a major subcontractor to SUNY Stony Brook for this DOE-funded project, DE-EE000537; the overall Principal Investigator is Professor Brian Colle of the SUNY Stony Brook School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences. Investigators on the UD subcontract are Professors Dana Veron and Cristina Archer. See the IMPOWER website here.


A System Design Study for Wilmington Canyon Offshore Wind Farm

How to reduce costs for future offshore wind development? This project attempts to do so by “integrated design,” that is, using combined teams who design the foundation, tower, deployment vessel together. Funded by US Department of Energy as project DE-EE0005484, the project will develop a cost-optimized, integrated system design of an offshore wind plant. Participating organizations include Clipper Windpower, Moffatt & Nichol, Signal International, CG, and Atlantic Grid Developers. Principal Investigator for this project is Professor Willett Kempton, project manager is Andrew Levitt.

Marine Spatial Planning

Identification of suitable locations for offshore wind projects is a complex process. Marine Spatial Planning is a tool that accounts for existing ocean uses and features, incorporating long-term regional goals. In Delaware, and elsewhere in the United States, there has been increased attention on ocean renewables, with particular focus on offshore wind power development. In this research project we analyzed 29 sources of data to generate 48 multi-layered GIS maps and an accompanying policy document that incorporates current information about existing users and uses, wind resources, bathymetry, marine geology, and ecological features, measured where possible in both space and time. Read the full report here. Principal Investigator is Jeremy Firestone. Funded by a NOAA Sea Grant award Contract #10000025.

Mid-Atlantic Offshore Wind Interconnection and Transmission

The Mid-Atlantic Offshore Wind Interconnection and Transmission (MAOWIT) project will provide a detailed analysis to evaluate the pros and cons of offshore transmission, which is outlined in the DOE Office Wind Strategic Plan (DOE 2011) as a possible method to decrease the balance-of-system costs and permitting time of offshore wind farms. It will also address related and pressing questions regarding the adequacy of existing transmission infrastructure and the ability of existing generating resources to provide the necessary ancillary services support (spinning and contingency reserves) in the PJM region. Principal Investigator is Willett Kempton. Funded by US Dept of Energy as project DE-EE0005366. Mike Dvorak is one of the researchers on the grant and some of his work can be viewed in more detail on his Sailor's Energy webpage.

Delaware and New Jersey Public Perceptions

This project will study state residents’ perceptions of offshore wind projects. In both Delaware and New Jersey, a) a coastal wind project has recently become operational, b) an entity has proposed near-shore (state-waters), small-scale (six turbine) test/demonstration projects and c) the first proposed offshore transmission line in the United States is to make landfall. The three planned NJ projects are or will be located in the greater Atlantic City area, while the three Delaware projects extend from just inside Delaware Bay in the Lewes area to Indian River, thus facilitating an examination of public perceptions of local residents who may be effected by the projects. We will undertake a series of semi-structured interviews, followed by a mail survey. Principal Investigator is Prof. Jeremy Firestone. Funded by NOAA Sea Grant