Offshore Wind Power | Publications



These articles primarily address offshore wind power, some are general to both inland and offshore wind power. They are organized by topic and include peer-reviewed journal articles and chapters in books. In addition to the publications organized by topic, also see Theses and Dissertations, and Reports, below publications. Due to copyright restrictions, many of the peer-reviewed, published articles are given here as a proof copy, possibly with some typographical errors, or as a link to the journal--the latter may require a subscription or payment to access the full published article. If an article is Open Access, anyone may download without payment. If none of these options work, or if no PDF or URL link is given, try contacting the first author or corresponding author of the article. These publications are authored or co-authored by faculty and students of the UD wind group.

Wind Resources

Jacobson, Mark Z. and Cristina L. Archer, 2012, Saturation wind power potential and its implications for wind energy, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1208993109v1-6, published doi: 10.1073/pnas.1208993109, may require payment. Preprint link.

Sheridan, B, et al., 2012,
Calculating the offshore wind power resource: Robust assessment methods applied to the U.S. Atlantic Coast, Renewable Energy, 43, p224-233. Published doi:10.1016/j.renene.2011.11.029, may require payment. Preprint PDF, with minor typos.

Muscarella, P., N. Barton, B. L. Lipphardt, Jr., D. E. Veron, and A. D. Kirwan, Jr., 2011: Surface Currents and Winds at the Delaware Bay Mouth, Continental Shelf Research, 31, 1282–1293.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278434311001567

Garvine, Richard W. and Willett Kempton, 2008, Assessing the wind field over the continental shelf as a resource for electric power, Journal of Marine Research 66 (6): 751-773. (Nov 2008). Published article PDF, open access.

Pimenta, Felipe M., Willett Kempton, Richard W. Garvine , 2008,
Combining meteorological stations and satellite data to evaluate the offshore windpower resource of Southeastern Brazil , Renewable Energy 33: 2375-2387. Published doi:10.1016/j.renene.2008.01.012, may require payment. Proof; contains several errors.

Dhanju, Amardeep, Phillip Whitaker, Willett Kempton (2008),
Assessing offshore wind resources: An accessible methodology, Renewable Energy, 33(1): 55- 64. Published doi:10.1016/j.renene.2007.03.006, may require payment. Proof PDF, with minor errors.

Kempton, Willett, Cristina L. Archer, Richard W. Garvine, Amardeep Dhanju and Mark Z. Jacobson, 2007,
Large CO2 reductions via offshore wind power matched to inherent storage in energy end-uses. Geophysical Research Letter, 34, L02817. Published doi:10.1029/2006GL028016, may require payment. Proof PDF, with minor typos. See also summary press release.

Policy and Law

Firestone, J. and J. Kehne, Wind Energy, chapter in Michael Gerrard (ed.), The Law of CleanEnergy: Efficiency and Renewables, American Bar Association (2011).

Dhanju,Amardeep, Jeremy Firestone, and Willett Kempton, 2011,
Potential role of power authorities in offshore wind power development in the US, Energy Policy, 39 (2011), p 7025-7035. Published doi:10.1016/enpol.2011.08.002, may require payment. Final Proof.

Dhanju, Amardeep, and Jeremy Firestone, 2009,
Access system framework for regulating offshore wind power in state waters. Coastal Management, 37:5,441-478. Published doi: 10.1080/08920750902856004, may require payment. Final Proof.

Firestone, Jeremy, W. Kempton, A. Krueger, and C.E. Loper, 2005,
Regulating offshore wind power and aquaculture: Messages from land and sea, Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, 14 (1): 71-111. Published. Final proof PDF.

Marine Spatial Planning

Madsen, J., Bates,A., Callahan,J. Firestone, J. 2011. Use of Geospatial Techniques in Planning for Offshore Wind Facilities chapter in J.K. Thakur, S.K. Singh, A. Ramanathan, M.B.K. Prasad, W. Gossel,(eds.) Geospatial Techniques: Managing Environmental Resources (Springer and Capital Publication).

See also, Report below by Bates, Samoteskul, Callahan, and Firestone. Although not published in a journal, this report puts forth the beginnings of data and a framework on which other UD MSP work is based.


Fluid Dynamics

Jacobson, Mark Z., Cristina L. Archer, and Willett Kempton, 2014, Taming hurricanes with arrays of offshore wind turbines, Nature Climate Change, Mach 2014, doi:10.1038/nclimate2120.

Prasad, A.K., Analytical solution for the optimal spacing of wind turbines, ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, in press.

Archer, C. L., S. Mirzaeisefat, and S. Lee (2013), Quantifying the sensitivity of wind farm performance to array layout options using large-eddy simulation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 4963–4970, doi:10.1002/grl.50911.

Social Impacts and Perceptions

Lilley, Jonathan and Jeremy Firestone, The effect of the gulf oil spill on public attitudes toward offshore oil drilling and wind development, Energy Policy, 62: 90-98 (2013). PDF

Firestone, Jeremy, Willett Kempton, Meredith Blaydes Lilley, and Kateryna Samoteskul,
Public acceptance of offshore wind power across regions and through time, 2012, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 55:10, 1369-1386. Published doi:10.1080/09640568.2012.682782. Pre-publication manuscript.

Firestone, Jeremy, Willett Kempton,
Meredith Blaydes Lilley & Kateryna Samoteskul (2012): Public acceptance of offshore wind power: does perceived fairness of process matter?, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 55:10, 1387-1402, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2012.688658.

Firestone, J.,
Perceptions and Preferences Regarding Offshore Wind Power in the United States-The Leading Edge chapter in Patrick Devine-Wright, Ed. Publlic Engagement and Renewable Energy, Earthscan, 2011.

Lilley, Meredith Blaydes, Jeremy Firestone and Willett Kempton, 2010,
The effect of wind power installations on coastal tourism, Energies 3(1), 1-22; (special issue on Wind Energy). Published doi:10.3390/en3010001, open access. (Duplicate PDF here).

Firestone, J., W. Kempton and A.Krueger, 2009, Public acceptance of offshore wind power projects in the United States, Wind Energy 12(2): 183 - 202. Published doi: 10.1002/we.316, may require payment. Proof PDF.

Firestone, J. and W. Kempton, 2007,
Public Opinion about Large Offshore Wind Power: Underlying Factors, Energy Policy 35: 1584-1598. Published doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2006.04.010, may require payment. PDF.

Kempton, W., J. Firestone, J. Lilley, T. Rouleau and P. Whitaker, 2005,
The Offshore Wind Power Debate: Views from Cape Cod, Coastal Management 33 (2): 119-149. Published doi:10.1080/08920750590917530, may require payment. PDF.

Environmental Impacts and Benefits

Lilley, M.B., and J. Firestone, 2008, Wind power, wildlife, and the migratory bird treaty act: A way forward, Environmental Law, 38(4). Published, may require payment. Prepublication manuscript.

Firestone, J. and C. Jarvis, 2007, Response and responsibility: Regulating noise pollution in the marine environment, Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy, 10(2): 109-52. Published doi:10.1080/13880290701347408, may require payment. PDF.

Wind Integration (including Power Transmission)

Budischak, Cory, DeAnna Sewell, Heather Thomson, Leon Mach, Dana E. Veron, and Willett Kempton, 2013, Cost-minimized combinations of wind power, solar power, and electrochemical storage, powering the grid up to 99.9% of the time, Journal of Power Sources, 225(2013), 60-74. Published doi: 10.1016/j,jpowsour.2012.09.054, open access. A one-page follow-up corrects two errors in the published article, doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.01.046. Our PDF, contains the article together with the correction page.

Dvorak, M. J., E. D. Stoutenburg, C. L. Archer, W. Kempton, and M. Z. Jacobson (2012),
Where is the ideal location for a US East Coast offshore grid?, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L06804, Published doi:10.1029/2011GL050659, may require payment.

Mason, J.E. and C.L. Archer, 2012: Baseload electricity from wind via Compressed Air Energy StorageRenewable and Sustainability Energy Reviews, 16, 1099-1109, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2011.11.009http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032111005454

Kempton, Willett, Felipe M. Pimenta, Dana E. Veron, and Brian A. Colle, 2010, Electric power from offshore wind via synoptic-scale interconnection, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107 (16): 7240-7245, April 20, 2010. Published doi: 10.1073/pnas.0909075107. open access. Article's online supporting information (methods, etc). Duplicate of both article and supporting information in one PDF here).

Lund, Henrik and W. Kempton, 2008,
Integration of renewable energy into the transport and electricity sectors through V2G. Energy Policy 36 (9): 3578-3587. Published doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2008.06.007, may require payment. Preprint proof. Both published and proof versions have errors in Table 2, see corrected Table 2) here.

Kempton, Willett, Cristina L. Archer, Richard W. Garvine, Amardeep Dhanju and Mark Z. Jacobson, 2007, Large CO2 reductions via offshore wind power matched to inherent storage in energy end-uses. Geophysical Research Letter, 34, L02817. Published doi:10.1029/2006GL028016, may require payment. Proof PDF, with minor typos. See also summary press release.

Business Models, Financing, Cost of Energy

Levitt Andrew C.; Kempton Willett; Smith Aaron P.; Walt Musial; and Jeremy Firestone, 2011, Pricing offshore wind power. Energy Policy 39 (10): 6408-6421.  Published doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2011.07.044, may require payment. Uncorrected proof.

Deployment and Installation



Coming soon

Analytical Papers, Theses and Dissertations


Dawn Kurtz Crompton, 2014, Cooperative Renewable Energy Policies to Avoid Trade Related Disputes and Litigation. Analytical Paper, Masters of Marine Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.

Blaise Sheridan, 2013, Social Cost of Electricity Generation: A Quantification and Comparison Between Energy Sources Within PJM Interconnection. Thesis, Masters of Marine Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.

Bruce M. Williams, 2013,
New Applications of Remote Sensing Technology for Offshore Wind Power. Thesis, Masters of Marine Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.

Scott D. Baker, 2011,
The Atlantic Offshore Wind Power Potential in PJM: A Regional Offshore Wind Power Resource Assessment. (Reference as: Scott D. Baker, 2011, The Atlantic Offshore Wind Power Potential in PJM: A Regional Offshore Wind Power Resource Assessment. Thesis, Master of Marine Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.)

Jacqueline D Piero, 2010,
Underlying Motivations for Delaware Public Participation in Support of Offshore Wind: Implications for State Energy Policy. Analysis of all 3,327 public comments on the two-year Delaware Public Service Commission Docket that resulted in the Nation's first Power Purcahse Agreement (PPA) for offshore wind. (Reference as: Jacqueline D. Piero, 2010, Underlying Motivations for Delaware Public Participation in Support of Offshore Wind: Implications for State Energy Policy. Thesis, Masters of Marine Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.)

Amardeep Dhanju,
Four Essays on Offshore Wind Power Potential, Development, Regulatory Framework, and Integration (Abstract of dissertation) Full dissertation, (Reference as: Amardeep Dhanju, 2010, Four Essays on Offshore Wind Power Potential, Development, Regulatory Framework, and Integration. Dissertation, Doctor of Philosophy in Marine Studies,University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.

Jonathan Charles Lilley, 2010,
Navigating a Sea of Values: Understanding Public Attitudes Toward the Ocean and Ocean Energy Resources. Dissertation, Doctor of Philosophy in Marine Studies,University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.)

Meredith Blaydes Lilley, 2008,
The Effects of Offshore Wind Power on Beach Tourism (Poster of dissertation in progress, presented at AWEA.) Full dissertation, 2010, Wind Power:Addressing Wildlife Impacts, Assessing Effects on Tourism, and Examining the Link Between Climate Change Perceptions and Support. Dissertation, Doctor of Philosophy in Marine Studies,University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.)

Andrew D. Krueger 2007,
Valuing Public Preferences for Offshore Wind Power (Dissertation). Or, one-page abstract. Also see press release drawing from Krueger's dissertation data.

Christina M. Jarvis, 2005,,
An Evaluation of The Wildlife Impacts of Offshore Wind Development Relative to Fossil Fuel Power Production. Scoping, development of metrics to compare wildlife impacts, Chapter 5 has comparative analysis of fossil fuel versus offshore wind impacts. (Reference as: Christina M. Jarvis, 2005, An Evaluation Of The Wildlife Impacts Of Offshore Wind Development Relative To Fossil Fuel Power Production. Thesis, Masters of Marine Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.

Public Testimony

Willett Kempton, Jeremy Firestone, Richard Garvine, Comment submitted to Minerals Management Service (24 Feb 2006) Re: 30 CFR Part 285, RIN 1010-AD30, Alternate Energy-Related Uses on the Outer Continental Shelf. Responding to: Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR). Note: This is a good short summary of resource and U.S. policy issues regarding alternative energy on the OCS, with concentration on offshore wind.

Kempton and Firestone, Comments on Blue Ribbon Panel Interim Report on Offshore Wind Power (13 Feb 2006). In the words of another commentator, an amazingly tight, analytical, yet scathing review of the Interim Report. The Final Report was massively revised, and ultimately resulted in preliminary environmental studies and an RFP for a 350 MW facility. Compare Interim Report and Final Report, or see NJ state web site at Blue Ribbon Panel on Development of Wind Turbine Facilities in Coastal Waters.

Also see extensive public testimony on the Delaware Offshore Wind Project

Reports


Bates, Alison and Jeremy Firestone, 2014, Local Community Public Acceptance of an In-View Offshore Wind Power Demonstration Project

Bates, Alison, Kateryna Samoteskul, John Callahan, and Jeremy Firestone, 2012,
Delaware Marine Spatial Planning: Offshore Wind Content

Firestone, J., Final Summary Report for DOE-funded project,
Empowering Coastal States and Utilities through Model Offshore Wind Legislation and Outreach

Firestone, J., and Crompton, DK,
Model Request for Proposals to Provide Energy and other Attributes from an Offshore Wind Power Project

Firestone, J., and Crompton, DK, 2011,
Model State Offshore Wind Access Legislation

Lilley, J, Sheridan B, Crompton, DK, and Firestone, J., 2010,
Feed-in Tariffs and Offshore Wind Development

Lilley, Meredith Blaydes and Willett Kempton, 2010,
Wind Power and Delaware’s Waters, Estuary News, 20(5), p9-10, Summer 2010.